Electricity Saving Tips For Homes And Offices

What are Solar Cookers/Oven and how can they help reduce energy costs

By on April 22, 2016
Hindi Translation: सौर कुकर/ओवन क्या होते हैं और ये ऊर्जा की लागत को कम करने में आपकी कैसे सहायता कर सकते हैं

Cost of energy is rising in India. LPG and electricity are already very expensive and gradual reduction in subsidies will continue to add stress on household budget. With new rules that reduce the number of subsidized LPG cylinders per household, the cost of cooking has also gone up. In a previous post on Induction Cookers (link) we talked about comparison of gas versus electricity. But if you are really interested in avoiding rising costs, going green and avoiding all the other methods, Solar Cooker/Oven can provide a good alternative (although with certain limitations).

What are solar cookers/oven?

Solar cooker or oven is a device that uses direct sunlight to cook or heat food. It does not use any fuel and thus is very cheap to operate. It uses a reflective surface such as glass or metallic sheet to concentrate light or heat from sun on to a small cooking area or utensil. The utensil has to be painted with dark non-reflective paints so that it absorbs heat from the sunlight, thus cause the contents of the utensil to heat up and get cooked.

In India most places get 275 days of sunlight with a high level of solar radiation. Solar cookers can be used from one hour after sunrise to one hour before sunset on most clear days. Thus any use of solar energy makes a lot of sense. Drivers such as fuel shortage, health impact of burning biomass and climate change makes a strong case of using solar cookers especially in rural areas.

There are multiple types of solar cooking devices available in the market. Here are some of them:

Box Solar Cooker

These are typical solar cookers that are used in smaller households (4-5 members). It has a box with transparent glass or plastic top and reflectors to concentrate sunlight in the box. The box is painted dark and the utensils are kept inside the box. It is better to use containers that are painted dark for better cooking. The temperature in the box does not go beyond 150 oC and thus it takes time to cook food. The food has to be left in the box for longer duration to cook well. Also based on the direction of the sunlight position of the box has to be adjusted every 15-20 minutes. This type of cooker costs about Rs 1500 – Rs 2000.Box Solar Cooker

Dish Solar Cooker

This cooker has a parabolic dish that concentrates sunlight on to a focal point where a vessel can be kept. A typical black colored cooker can be kept at the focal point to cook food. This kind of solar cookers can achieve up to 350-400 oC thus cooking food much faster. It can be used for roasting, frying and boiling. Because of its size, it is good for cooking food for 10-15 people (some small ones are also available in market that are good for 4 people). This kind of cooker also needs adjustment based on the direction of sunlight. There are different types of models available in market that either need manual adjustment or can have automated adjustment mechanism (mechanical clockwork arrangement to track sunlight). The cost of a dish solar cooker is about Rs 6000 – Rs 7000 and it can save up to 10 cylinders per year (based on the use and sunlight).

This cooker can be easily dismantled and assembled by anyone thus providing ease of movement and can be transported anywhere easily. It is also user friendly as the height can be adjusted based on the person using it.

Bigger size dish cookers are also available in the market that can cook food for about 40 people and costs about Rs 30,000 (saving around 30 LPG cylinders).Parabolic Solar Cooker

Community Solar Cooker for Indoor Cooking

This kind of cooker is closest to a conventional cooking system. It provides possibility of cooking inside the kitchen. It has large reflectors standing outside the kitchen and a secondary reflector that concentrates the sunrays at the bottom of pot or frying pan painted in black. The temperature that can be attained is so high that it can cook food much quicker than a box cooker. It can also be used to make chapatis, dosas, etc as it acts much like a conventional system. The person using the same can remain in the kitchen while doing the cooking. Because of the size, it is good for cooking food for 40-100 people. It costs anywhere between Rs 75,000 and Rs 1.6 lakh depending on the size and saves up to 30-65 LPG cylinders in a year.

Most of these systems are equipped with automated rotation system to track sunlight. They have a mechanical device or clockwork arrangement that rotates the reflector to track the sun.Community Solar Cooker

Subsidies available for solar cookers

Ministry of New and Renewable source of energy (MNRE) provides subsidies for buying solar cookers. The details on subsidies are available on MNRE link: http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/subsidies_solar_thermal_systems_devices.pdf

Procedure for availing subsidy

To avail the subsidy, you need to identify the supplier or manufacturer from the list on MNRE website. The supplier will help you generate a proposal that will have to be submitted to State Nodal Agency of MNRE. The proposals are examined by MNRE and subsidy will be released directly to you. More details available on MNRE link: http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/procedure_installation_systems_availing_subsidy.pdf

List of Manufacturers and Costs of their systems

Lists of manufacturers and costs of their systems is also available on MNRE website links:

List of Manufacturers: http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/list_manufacturers_dsc.pdf

Cost details of various types of cookers from some manufacturers: http://mnre.gov.in/schemes/decentralized-systems/solar-systems/solar-cooking-steam-generating-systems/

References:

http://energy.lbl.gov/staff/gadgil/docs/2009/sbc-rpt-2009.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cooker

http://mnre.gov.in/schemes/decentralized-systems/solar-systems/solar-cooking-steam-generating-systems/

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  • vinay kumar

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    Contact: : 9312700996

  • celes fernandes

    Thank you for your response.

  • Celes Fernandes

    REMINDER

    Dear Sir,
    We have 3 phase meter and it is observed since 2 weeks
    the lights and fan function in each room but in kitchen only after 7
    p.m. the tubelight flickers and there is low voltages. We also put a CFL
    bulb of 32 watts in kitchen it used to light earlier but now that also
    stopped functioning. We informed the Electrical Department, they checked
    the Meter box and then informed us that all the phases are ok but
    whilest THEY checking I heard that one phase was reading at 180 and other
    phase reading was170. They informed us something is wrong in internal
    wiring which we checked with the electrician but was informed that
    wiring is ok. Now we cant understand why only in kitchen tube lights go
    off since 2 weeks at 7 p.m. and then early morning it lights are 4 a.m.
    We were told by the department to use electronic choke and check the
    difference but today in Goa getting a electrician is difficult as we are
    at their mercy and quote anything they like. When we wanted to change
    our old house wiring in 2008, we called one electrican and he quoted not less
    than Rs.70,000.00 which gave us a big shock as our limited income does
    not permit us to use such hi fi electrician.
    We noted that if we put
    electronic choke and there is low voltage and due erratic power supply
    the electronic choke will stop working and it quite a high price than
    the normal price. But we cant understand how the tube light starts
    working early morning at 4 a.m. but does not work in kitchen.
    We need some tips from your end.

    Regards

    Celes

    • http://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Low voltage at incoming cannot be due to something wrong with the internal wiring. Pl check the voltage of all the three phases when all the load is switched off. Pl check what are the loads connected on each of the phase. If the issue is of low voltage due to load, than if you switch off all other loads connected to the phase of kitchen, the CFL shall function ok. If you find this, than certainly the phase is drawing high current. I understand that you have provided MCB for over current and other protection in your house for earth leakage. If the high current drawn is due to fault, MCB or earth leakage protection should function. Pl be sure of the protection. As regards lighting for the kitchen, you may also go for LED lamp also.

    • Celes Fernandes

      Dear Mr. Jain,

      Thank you very much. Believe it or not after 2 days when Electrical Dept. checked the voltage, we were receiving lights in kitchen after they left even though they recommended to put electronic choke.

      Regards

      Celes

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Great. So I guess there are no problems now.

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