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India Solar Photovoltaic (PV) Panels Selection Guide – understanding system quality

By on April 22, 2016

Our country is supposed to be one of the few countries, which is blessed with abundant solar energy. There is a tremendous scope for the growth for the Indian Solar Market. However, two factors which affect the same growth according to us are, lack of proper knowledge about the solar power technology amongst the consumers and penetration of ‘not so good’ quality products in the market. Hence, we at Bijli Bachao, thought of starting a series of articles where we will be trying our best to explore various concepts about solar power technology and help the consumers make an informed choice of good quality products.


To start with, lets first have an overview about solar photovoltaic systems. Kindly have a look at this video for better understanding of the same.

(the above video gives an overview of the components in a solar pv system. The actual working differs from system to system. Refer our article Solar electric, solar thermal, power generation, inverters, grid, off-grid: clearing the cobweb for further understanding)

In this article, we will be focusing on solar photovoltaic (PV) panels.

‘Photovoltaic’- what is it?

To explain in one line: Photovoltaic is the conversion of light (photons) into electricity (volt).

For all those curious minds that wish to know how this actually works, we have included a video from YouTube to help you understand the process in a better way.

You can find the same here:

For more technically curious minds, follow this video:

Types of photovoltaic panels

Without going into the details of individual types, the table below will give you a comparison between various types of solar photovoltaic panels

Sr. noPropertyMono CrystallineMulti/ PolycrystallineThin Film (CdTe, CIGS, Amorphous crystalline etc)
1EfficiencyHighestModerate (13-15%)Lowest
2CostHighestModerateLowest
3Area occupied per kWLowestModerate (apprx 100 sq.ft)Highest
4High Temperature PerformancePoorPoorBetter
5Generation in diffused lightAverageAverageBetter

In India, the most commonly available panels are polycrystalline/ multi-crystalline.

Now, before we have a look at what factors will differentiate solar PV panels based on quality, let us first analyze what factors affect the performance of solar panels based on Indian conditions.

Sr. NoFactorComments
1DirectionFor panels that have fixed position without any sun tracking mechanism, they should face south direction for better output throughout the year.
2Tilt/ Angle of InclinationPreferably according to the latitude of the place
3ShadingEven a small part of shaded panel, affects the entire output of the panels to a great extent. Ensure the panels are placed such that there is no shadow on them throughout the day. Even a single partially shaded panel affects the output of all other solar panels in the system. Also, ensure that there is no dust etc on the panel to avoid shading.
4TemperatureHigher the temperature, lower will be the output from solar panels. Usually, panels are rated according to standard test conditions (i.e temperature: 25 degree Celsius, insolation 1000W/m2, Air Mass: 1.5). Hence, if temperature is higher than this, your panels may give less than rated output.

Now, let us understand how quality of solar pv panels can be determined by looking at their datasheet. We request the readers to ask for the datasheet of the panels they wish to buy and verify the following factors.

Tolerance of solar panels: Over promise and under deliver, not acceptable

A solar panel rated at say 100 Watts should give at least 100 Watts under standard test conditions. However, if the manufacturers say that their panels have a tolerance of +/- 5%, it means the same panel can give either 105 Watts (acceptable) or even 95 Watts (not acceptable). Ensure that your solar panel will always have ‘positive tolerance’ mentioned on the datasheet.

Temperature Co-efficient of solar panels: Stability is always preferred

As mentioned above, temperature affects the output of solar panels.

As temperature increases from 25 degree Celsius: current increases, voltage decreases, power decreases. And vice versa.

Now the extent to which this increase/decrease takes place is given in terms of temperature co-efficient as percentage change per degree of temperature change (eg. Power change = -0.04%/degree Celsius).

Hence if temperature is say 40 degree Celsius, then rise in temperature from 25 degree Celsius is 15 degree Celsius. Hence, power will decrease by 15*0.04% i.e. 0.6% from its rated power.

Lower the value of this temperature co-efficient, better stability the panel will give under different operating conditions.

Efficiency of solar panels: More efficient, more power in less space

The efficiency of solar panels is the amount of electrical output it can give for the amount of solar radiation falling on it per meter square. For example: consider a solar panel with efficiency 14% and area 1.5 m2. If the amount of solar radiation falling on this panel is 1000W/m2, then this panel is capable of producing

1000*14%*1.5 = 210W

If this energy falls for 5 hours, then this panel will produce 210*5= 1050 Wh or 1.05kWh in a day. Higher the efficiency, higher will be amount of energy generated per unit area. So efficiency matters if you have limited space for solar panel installation and in such a case it is better to go for higher efficiency solar panel.

Approvals/Certifications for solar panels: A very important factor

Approvals and Certification are very important as they ensure that the solar panels meet a minimum amount of performance and safety conditions. This factor is very important as it will clearly eliminate low quality products from the lot.

For India, Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), mandates the following certifications for solar panels

For crystalline silicon terrestrial PV modules: IEC 61215/ IS 14286

For thin film terrestrial PV modules: IEC 61646

Also, the panels must conform to IEC 61730 part I requirements for construction and part II requirements for testing, safety qualification

For highly corrosive atmosphere (coastal regions etc) the panels must qualify Salt Mist Corrosion Testing as per IEC 61701/ IS 61701.

Kindly ask your supplier to present these test certificates and also check the validity of these certificates. If the quality is genuine, it won’t be difficult to get these certificates.

Warranty and Guarantee of solar panels: Shows the confidence in the product

Since you invest a good amount to install a solar power system, its always good to assure that the system will function properly for the next 15-20 years. Usually Indian Manufacturers give warranty in the range 1-5 years and performance guarantee as follows:

90% of the rated output for 1st ten years

80% of the rated output for next ten years.

This obviously varies from manufacture to manufacture or product to product. Some manufacturers also give linear performance guarantee, which is even better.

It is always preferable to check the warranty and also the terms and conditions for the same, since you won’t like the system to fail and bear the subsequent losses.

Practical is always better than theory

It is true that the above factors can be known by only looking at the datasheet. However, there are certain factors, which you can test while purchasing the solar panels. They are Voc– Open Circuit Voltage and Isc– Short Circuit Current (click on this link to read more about these concepts: Solar Glossary – photovoltaic, panels, modules, cells, voltage, watt and current). The manufactures/ suppliers may possibly write exaggerated values of current and voltage to sell their products. However, it is always a good idea to practically check whether these values match actual output and ensure that you buy the appropriate panel. All you need is a good multimeter.

To know how to test a solar pv panel, kindly check this video:

Please note, that you do this under some safety precaution or get it done by some qualified person. Also note that while connecting and disconnecting the wires, the solar panel has to be shaded (like shown in the video).

Having said that, we would like to mention that this article aims to compare only the quality of solar pv panels. Kindly note that the size of the panel you select and how you install it, also affects the output of the system. We will surely cover these factors as well in subsequent articles on designing and installation.

We hope that this article helps you to identify and compare the quality of solar panels based on a few basic concepts.

Here is a quick video that can guide you on Rooftop Solar PV buying in India:


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अगर आप के कुछ भी सवाल हैं, वह आप नीचे दिए हुए सवाल-जवाब सेक्शन में पूछ सकते हैं। आप अपने सवाल हिंदी में भी पूछ सकते हैं और हम आपको हिंदी में ही जवाब देंगे। कृपया एक ही सवाल को बार बार ना डालें। आप एक बार जब "submit " बटन दबाएंगे, उसके बाद आपका सवाल यहाँ दिखने में थोड़ा टाइम लगेगा। कृपया धैर्य रखें। अगर हमारे पास आपके सवाल का जवाब है तो हम उसे जल्दी से जल्दी जवाब देने की कोशिश करेंगे। कृपया अपने सवाल ई मेल या सोशल मीडिया पर ना डालें।

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129 comments

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1

AURA ENERGY
We are seeking financial sound dealer , distributor, channel partner etc. in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, North East, MP, Chattishgarh, Telengana, AP, Tamil Nadu, Orissa etc. to sale and distribution of our various solar products , solar home light system, solar hybrid inverter, solar roof top, solar industrial solution etc. Please email us [email protected]; [email protected]

2

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AURA ENERGY
We are seeking financial sound dealer , distributor, channel partner etc. in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, North East, MP, Chattishgarh, Telengana, AP, Tamil Nadu, Orissa etc. to sale and distribution of our various solar products , solar home light system, solar hybrid inverter, solar roof top, solar industrial solution etc. Please email us [email protected]; [email protected]

5

Made your own solar panel
pls contact for solar panel machines
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6

Please let me know the average output from 75 watt panel charging battery using PWM charge controller . ( in AH)

7

Can someone let me know the output in AH on an average day from 75 watt pv panel charging batteries with PWM charge controller .

8

How much AH does a 75 watt panel delivers on a typical day when charging a battery thru a 12 volt PWM charge controller in conditions around Lucknow . For example 40 ah battery would be charged to what level if it is above DOD .

9

How much AH does a 75 watt panel delivers to a battery thru PWM charge controller in one day in Luck now UP.

10

All type of solar consultancy , Solar plant installation , Solar panel cleaning & maintenance , solar land acquisition, PPA , Net Metering and other necessary permission for more details please call us 8697000196 or email to us [email protected]

11

AURA ENERGY
We are seeking financial sound dealer , distributor, channel partner etc. in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, North East, MP, Chattishgarh, Telengana, AP, Tamil Nadu, Orissa etc. to sale and distribution of our various solar products , solar home light system, solar hybrid inverter, solar roof top, solar industrial solution etc. Please email us [email protected] , [email protected]

12
Solvector infrastructure Pvt Ltd

We are solar installer. We serve solar panels installation in all over India with lowest price rate.
With a reputed product like Panasonic, Vikram, waaree.
Delta, ABB, su-kam, growatt.

13
Solvector infrastructure Pvt Ltd

Our company works for solar panels erection in all over India. We provide a convenient price rate with reputed product like Panasonic, Vikram, waree.
Please feel free to contact us
Ankita 8553442239
Sales and marketing Head

14

please send quote for 50000Kw solar panel grid on system. we are based in nallasopara, distt palghar maharashtra

15

Hi, you can feel free to call me on 9930759075. We are based in mumbai too.

16
Solvector infrastructure Pvt Ltd

Dear sir,
We can quat at 21 laks
With Panasonic or waaree module with Abb inverter
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Sir for further discussion please contact us
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17

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18

AURA ENERGY
We are seeking financial sound dealer , distributor, channel partner etc. in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, North East, MP, Chattishgarh, Telengana, AP, Tamil Nadu, Orissa etc. to sale and distribution of our various solar products , solar home light system, solar hybrid inverter, solar roof top, solar industrial solution etc. Please email us [email protected] , [email protected]

19

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20
PRASANTH BATTULA

sir, I have designed a system for 43 units output per day. For that, I need a 15.6kwp capacity of PV array. Where the solar insolation is 4.5hrs. This system will give an output of 9.6kwp.
When I calculating payback period for this I am getting 20 years which is very high. I don't know where I have done wrong. Please help in calculating the payback period. (where the utility cost for 1 unit is 4.3rupees. and backup units required with battery (autonomy 3days) is 6.3kwhrs.

21

A Big Thanks to moderator who has gathered all this valuable information! We have panels which even exceed all the expectations, including world record efficiency of 22%! Let us know about your requirement and we will provide the best possible solutions with added benefits. Leave us a call or mail at +91 7259011326 or [email protected]

22
PRASANTH BATTULA

Sir, You told that (in the video) for the 1kw solar system it costs 1,00,000 rupees with battery. The 1,00,000 rupees for 1kw output power or 1kw solar array capacity.
Because the 1kw solar array output will be = 1kw*0.85*0.9*0.95*0.85 = 0.61kw
where pv array output efficiency = 85%
charge controller efficiency =90%
inverter efficiency = 95%
battery efficiency = 85%
Please help me.

23

1 KW solar panels do not mean output of 1 KW . This is under STC . Then you have to provide for inverter efficiency , battery charging losses , electrical losses as mentioned by you . 1KW gives average output of 3.6 KWh per day in grid tie systems . In battery back up systems maximum you will get is 2.5 Kwh or less .

24
Abhishek Jain (Mod)

1,00,000 Rs for a system with 1 kW solar array + inverter + batteries + accessories. It is not output.

25

AURA ENERGY
We are seeking financial sound dealer , distributor, channel partner etc. in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, North East, MP, Chattishgarh, Telengana, AP, Tamil Nadu, Orissa etc. to sale and distribution of our various solar products , solar home light system, solar hybrid inverter, solar roof top, solar industrial solution etc. Please email us [email protected]

26

AURA ENERGY
We are seeking financial sound dealer , distributor, channel partner etc. in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, North East, MP, Chattishgarh, Telengana, AP, Tamil Nadu, Orissa etc. to sale and distribution of our various solar products , solar home light system, solar hybrid inverter, solar roof top, solar industrial solution etc. Please email us [email protected], [email protected]

27

WELCOME TO AURA ENERGY
Aura Energy is looking for a diverse & robust network of channel partners / dealer / distributor who will help us deliver our solar solutions and products
We are Solar EPC company and we can provide
solar Rooftop system
-On grid(with net metering)
-Off grid(with battery)
-Solar street light 36W
-solar hybrid inverter
-solar home light system
-solar water heater etc.
B Sen
Aura Energy
contact me at [email protected]

Whatsapp - 8697000196

28

AURA ENERGY
We are seeking financial sound dealer , distributor, channel partner etc. in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, North East, MP, Chattishgarh, Telengana, AP, Tamil Nadu, Orissa etc. to sale and distribution of our various solar products , solar home light system, solar hybrid inverter, solar roof top, solar industrial solution etc. Please email us [email protected]

29

Is ujaas energy good for Solar roof top for residential purpose

30
Abhishek Jain (Mod)

I have not heard much about them.

31
Dhillon Jagdip

Bro, thanks for your reply,
but I have learned that ujaas is well known brand and is listed company

32

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We provides
Solar rooftop (ON-Grid)
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Solar street light
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We have completed many projects of solar roof top.
Feel free to ask query.

33

SOLAR SYSTEMS FOR HOME

Aura Energy's range of Solar Systems for home consists of Solar Hybrid Inverters that are available from 300VA to 5000VA. Solar Hybrid Inverters are Off-Grid inverters that provide backup during power cuts by using Solar Energy. All inverters are equipped with SmartSwitch technology that switches between grid electricity and solar energy depending upon the availability of solar power.

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Enquire Now : B Sen 8697000196

email : [email protected]

34

SOLAR STREET LIGHTING SYSTEMS
Aura Energy's range of Solar Street Lighting Systems use high-efficient UltraBright LEDs to provide lighting anywhere with direct access to sunlight.We offer both Integrated (Internal Li Ion Battery) and Non-Integrated (External Solar Tubular or Solar SMF Battery) Solar Street Lights. Our systems can also be configured for customized applications.

Standalone Solar Street Lights: External Battery - 9W
Standard Configuration: 40W Panel + 40Ah Solar Tubular Battery/42 Ah SMF
Number of LEDs: 18
Power Consumption: 9W (±10%)
Maximum Lumens: 1080
LED Lumen Efficiency: >=120lm/w
LED Working Voltage:
Input Voltage: 12V
Color: Cool White/Warm White
Color Temperature: 2700-6500K
Working Life: 50,000 hrs
Dimension: 340 mm x 140 mm x 63 mm

Warranty: 2 years
Charge Controller: PWM Based, 12V 20A
B Sen 8697000196
email : [email protected]

35

WELCOME TO AURA ENERGY

Aura Energy is looking for a diverse & robust network of channel partners who will help us deliver our solar solutions and products
We are Solar EPC company and we can provide

solar Rooftop system
-On grid(with net metering)
-Off grid(with battery)
-Solar street light 36W
-solar hybrid inverter
-solar home light system
-solar water heater etc.
B Sen
Aura Energy
contact me at [email protected]

Call - 8697000196
Whatsapp - 8697001085

36

Praj (Integrated Power System Engineer & Consultant) is the leading solar provider in the country and a pioneer in integrated power system solutions. We help a wide array of organizations, companies and their partners purchase clean, reliable energy at a lower cost than energy from fossil fuels.

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37

sir i have 6 panels of 300 watts each (configurations pmax 300wp Vmp 37.00v Imp 8.12A Isc 8.83A Voc 45.00V fuse rating 15A each panel) pl advise how can i use these panels with a 24v 1600va microtec solar inverter with 2 160ah batteries. should i use mppt charger.i want to use this set up for my house to run 1tv 5 led bulbs 9watts each 5 fans a laptop

38

We are Solar EPC company and we can provide

solar Rooftop system

-On grid(with net metering)

-Off grid(with battery)

-Solar street light 36W

Solar Consultant

B Sen
Aura Energy

-solar water heater etc.

contact me at [email protected]

Call - 8697000196
Whatsapp - 8697001085

39

We are seeking financial sound dealer , distributor in West Bengal, Bihar, Assam, North East, MP, Chattishgarh, Telengana, AP, Tamil Nadu, Orissa etc. to sale and distribution our various solar products , solar home light system, solar hybrid inverter, solar roof top, solar industrial solution etc. Please call us 8697000196 mail [email protected]

40

I have a 10-15 MW solar proposal on revenue sharing basis where the investor/person setting up the plant would get Rs. 6.9/kWh. If any one is interested please email me at:
[email protected] or [email protected]

41

I provide Solar Business Skill Development training & do assist in EPC of the solar project. I can be reached on 8956526002.

42

We are an absolutely new company for solar EPC in DELHI / NCR . We are looking for engineers with 2-3 years experience and complete knowledge knowledge of the related products in this field . If anyone interested then please contact Ankur at 9811345767

43
krishna shrivastava

Dear Sir I have 2 year experience in Solar . I need a job in a higher company for my future growth. so please suggest me Any job opportunity In Madhya Pradesh.

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44
Abhinandan Choudhary

We are Solar EPC company and we can provide

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contact me: [email protected]

call/WhatsApp+91-7042435795

45
krishna shrivastava

Where from you...

46

We are Solar EPC company and we can provide

solar Rooftop system

-On grid(with net metering)

-Off grid(with battery)

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Solar Consultant

BIPV

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Call / WhatsApp +91 - 9953384191
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47
krishna shrivastava

Where From you

48

Hello Every one We are into Weather Monitoring Systems for Solar power Plant & Agriculture application . Let me know if any one have requirement for the same as we work from 2KW to 800MW systems . Also for Primary & Secondary monitoring systems
Please contact if any requirement Mb .no : 8888834928

49
G Tech Care Solar Division

we are having requirement 50kw delta inverter at delhi location so please provide me best quotation

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50

We are an Solar EPC company and we can provide

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-On grid(with net metering)

-Off grid(with battery)

Solar street light 24w

solar water heater and etc.

contact me:

[email protected]

Phone/WhatsApp : +91 - 9953384191

9454096191

51
Abhinandan Choudhary

We are Solar EPC company and we can provide

solar Rooftop system

-On grid(with net metering)

-Off grid(with battery)

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Call/What's app +91-7042435795

52

We are an Solar EPC company and we can provide

solar Rooftop system

-On grid(with net metering)

-Off grid(with battery)

Solar street light 24w

solar water heater and etc.

contact me:

[email protected]

Phone/WhatsApp : +91 - 9953384191

53
Abhinandan Choudhary

We are an Solar EPC company and we can provide

solar Rooftop system

-On grid(with net metering)

-Off grid(with battery)

-Solar street light

-solar water heater etc.

contact me at [email protected]

call/What's app +91-7042435795

54

We are an EPC company and can provide

solar Rooftop

On grid

Off grid

Net metering

Solar street light 15w to 120w

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all kinds of solar power plants PAN INDIA,

contact me at [email protected]

or call +91-9953384191

55
Abhinandan Choudhary

We are Solar EPC company and we can provide

solar Rooftop system

-On grid(with net metering)

-Off grid(with battery)

-Solar street light

-solar water heater etc.

contact me at [email protected]

or call +91-7042435795

56
Abhinandan Choudhary

We are an Solar EPC company and we can provide

solar Rooftop system

-On grid(with net metering)

-Off grid(with battery)

Solar street light

solar water heater etc.

contact me at [email protected]

or call +91-7042435795

57
Techrevo Engineers

We brings Solar EPC solutions &services for your residence , commercial & industrial locations . for more details, please contact us on [email protected]

58

Hi, I am from Mangalore, in our house we have a well where the water level is just 10-15 feet below ground level. I want to install a low capacity solar pump (0.25 hp) for watering our garden during day time. Can anyone suggest the number of solar panels required and the total cost involved. I don't want to use battery /inverter.

59

We are an EPC company and can provide

solar Rooftop

On grid

Off grid

Net metering

Solar street light 15w to 120

solar water heater and etc.

all kinds of solar power plants PAN INDIA,

contact me at [email protected]

or call +91-9953384191

60

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