Electricity Saving Tips For Homes And Offices

Roof-Top Solar PV system project for home and office

By on June 29, 2016

Electricity generated through coal plants is becoming expensive by every passing day. Power cuts and increasing dependence on DG sets is causing a lot of damage to the environment. The demand supply gap for electricity is increasing in the country which makes it very important for people to start thinking of other ways of realizing their energy needs. Keeping this in mind Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Government of India is promoting off-grid solar PV systems under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission in the country. Many people in the country have started feeling the need of installing solar PV system for their home, apartment complex or small office use, and with this article we would try to provide some information which can be a good starting point for a roof-top Solar PV system project.

What is a Solar PV cell and module?

Solar PV cell is the basic building block of a PV system. It consists of semiconductor material that absorbs sunlight to generate electricity through a phenomenon called “photoelectric effect”.  Only sunlight of a certain wavelength can effectively generate electricity. Although a solar PV can generate electricity on a cloudy day, but it is not as effective as it is on a sunny day.

A basic PV cell produces a very small amount of electricity and multiple of them are connected together to form a Solar PV module that can generate 10W to 300W output. If more electricity is required, them multiple such PV modules have to be installed in an array.

Multiple kinds of materials are used to create a solar cell and the efficiency of solar cell depends on the same. The efficiency of a solar cell is defined as its capability to convert a certain amount of sunlight into electricity. Solar cells available in the market are of various efficiencies: 4%, 8%, 12%, 14% and 16%. The size of a Solar PV module required will depend on output and efficiencies:

Roof Area Needed in Sq. Ft.

PV Module Efficiency (%)

PV Capacity Rating (Watts)

100

250

500

1,000

2,000

4,000

10,000

4

30

75

150

300

600

1,200

3,000

8

15

38

75

150

300

600

1,500

12

10

25

50

100

200

400

1,000

16

8

20

40

80

160

320

800

For example, to generate 2000 watts from a 12% efficient system, you need a 200 sq ft of roof area. (Source: solar PV sizing information on energysavers.gov)

Solar home lighting systems approved under NSM (National Solar Mission) are required to have a certain level of efficiency. The CFL based solar systems are required to have module efficiency of 14% and above and a LED based solar system is required to have module efficiency of 12% and above. Please note that such systems will have a serial number starting with NSM engraved on the frame.

Sizing a solar system

Before you buy a system, it is very important to size your solar system properly. Sizing will depend on the load requirements in your setup. It is important to note that a Solar system is good for operating low wattage appliances like lights, fans, TV, etc. High wattage appliances like Air Conditioners and Water Heaters cannot be operated using solar PV system (in fact solar water heaters and solar air conditioners are available separately). It is very important to make sure that your system is energy efficient so that you do need a bigger sized solar system. Please read our previous article: Before Renewables think Energy Efficiency. The connected load of your setup will help you determine the size of system that you need and that in turn will drive the cost of the system.

Other considerations for installing a solar system

Although a solar PV system can generate electricity through direct or scattered sunlight but it is very important to assess the amount of sunlight available at the location where a solar PV system is being installed. To collect maximum sunlight the ideal orientation of a Solar Panel is towards south.  However a 45-degree east or west of south can also work. The system should be placed in such a place so that there is no obstruction of trees or adjoining building. In case these requirements are not getting fulfilled, an expert should be hired to do a detailed analysis on the amount of sunlight available. <we are in the process of creating an online directory of such experts, please sign to our newsletters to get the updates>

The load carrying capacity of the roof where the solar panels are to be installed should also be done. Solar Panel structure typically weight 15kg per sq meter and the roof should be able to handle the load.

Tilt at which the solar panel is installed is also an important consideration. It is important that the tilt of the solar panel is the same as the latitude of your location.

System output or electricity units generated from a solar system

Although we talked about wattage capacity of a solar PV system, but that does not mean that the wattage will be available 24 hours a day and all throughout the year. The units or kWH output of a solar panel will depend on the panel efficiency and availability of sunlight in a location. The factor that defines this output is called CUF (or Capacity Utility Factor). For India, it is typically taken as 19% and the calculation of units goes as:

Units Generated Annually (in Kwh) = System Size in Kw * CUF * 365 * 24

So typically a 1kW capacity solar system will generate 1600-1700 kWH of electricity per year (please note that this is just a thumb rule as the CUF will vary in different cities in India).

Components of a Roof Top PV system

A typical Roof Top PV system also contains a set of batteries and inverter along with the modules of Solar PV cells. The overall efficiency of the system will also depend on the type of battery and inverter used in the system.  It is important to choose the right components for most effective use of Solar PV systems.

“Deep Cycle” batteries (generally lead-acid) are the best suited for a solar PV system. They last for 5 to 10 years and are 80% efficient (can reclaim 80% of energy stored in it). These batteries are also designed to provide electricity for long periods and can discharge up to 80% of their capacity repeatedly. Automotive batteries that are shallow cycle should not be used. Sealed maintenance free or tubular positive plate batteries are good for Solar PV systems. It is important to size the batteries properly so that they can store sufficient power based on your needs during cloudy weather. Batteries should be located in a space that is easy to reach (for maintenance), well-ventilated and protected from extreme weather.

Even inverters are not 100% efficient and it is important to choose the right inverter that is at least 85% efficient (If a system is purchased under National Solar Mission then these standards are guaranteed). A modified sine wave or a pure sine wave inverter is better suited for a solar PV system. Modified sine wave inverters are cheap but less efficient. They waste some electricity in form of heat. They create a buzz sound with appliances and thus should be used only with low-end appliances. Pure sine wave inverters are most efficient but are expensive. They are good for all kinds of appliances.

Warranties and Maintenance requirements for a Solar PV system

If purchased under NSM a Solar PV module comes with a warranty of 25 years from the date of supply. A solar home lighting system (with inverter) comes with a warranty of 5 years and the batteries if sealed maintenance free come with 2 years warranty and lead acid flooded type battery comes with 5 year warranty.

It is important that the manufacturers provide an operation, instruction and maintenance manual in English and local language along with the system. As with all electrical and mechanical system, solar PV system also needs regular maintenance. An efficient long lasting system is one that is maintained properly and regularly.  A solar PV system does not require a lot of maintenance but it is good to clean the system of dust and bird droppings regularly to maintain its efficiency. If you choose a maintenance free battery then you need not worry about the battery, else the battery will need regular maintenance. Make sure that the system is getting adequate sunlight and is not getting shaded by nearby trees, etc.

Costs of Solar PV systems and incentives from MNRE

As per our resources from the solar PV industry, cost of a PV module (just the panel) costs anywhere between Rs 30 to Rs 50 per watt of power generated. A good imported module will cost around Rs 40 per watt. Good ones manufactured in India would come as low as Rs 30-32 per watt. Please note that this is the cost for the panel and in case you are looking for inverter and batteries, the cost would be additional. A good 5 kW system for a home would cost around Rs 3-4 lakhs to setup, which can provide electricity for 25 years. The additional operating cost will include the cost of replacing the batteries.

Where can you buy solar PV system from

The list of authorizes suppliers/manufacturers is available at MNRE link: http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/list_manufacturers_SPV_NABARD-part-I.pdf

Here is a quick video that can guide you on Rooftop Solar PV buying in India:

More Informational Links On Our Website

More details on Solar PV Prices in India: Solar Panel Price in India

Understand more about basics of Solar PV systems on our link: Solar electric, solar thermal, power generation, inverters, grid, off-grid: clearing the cobweb

Get help in understanding financing options available to finance your Solar PV System: Financing Options for Solar Rooftop Projects in India

References:

http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/cfl_spls_2012_13.pdf

http://mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/led_spls_2012_13.pdf

http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/small-solar-electric-systems

http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/planning-home-solar-electric-system

http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/installing-and-maintaining-home-solar-electric-system

http://energy.gov/energysaver/articles/balance-system-equipment-required-renewable-energy-systems

http://www.mnre.gov.in/file-manager/UserFiles/pdf/feedback-and-response.pdf

http://www.teda.in/

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327 comments

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1

I want to set up solaris Pv module on my roof.So help me for all.I am in south 24 pgs in W.B.

2

I would like to install a solar PV system for a home in Sikkim. I have been trying to find an expert who could do an analysis and guide in procuring the system and setting it up.

3

I am looking for a Service Provider in Jaipur , Rajasthan , for Installation of Grid Connection Roof Top Solar PV System at my Residence and which can handle end to end work of system installation including subsidy , financing (if available) etc.

4
Deepanshu bansal

I want to apply for home solar system so please telle the cost of apply and how much time it will take to complete the setup.

5

GNN Digital Technologies & Solar systems ( Rajasthan )
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बिजली के बिल से छुटकारा पाये.. हमारा लक्ष्य 2022 तक हर घर में रोशनी हो...... India Top company... (TATA solar,)
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गारंटी 25 year , cell life 38years..
SMU system outometic main sply ON OFF . &MPPT
(polycrystalline solar)Lifetime Life solar.) Lifetime no electronic bill
पूरे भारत में कहीं पर भी मंगवाऐ(All India splly) DC to AC covert available..... ,
Contact number-8441001044

6

Solar power is the best way to replace conventional electricity. Solar Power Companies in India producing solar panels in large amount. Solar power is environmentally friendly. It will reduce your electricity charge. You can save solar power and use it for later.
asterixenergy.in

7

very good information.

9
indresh kumar thapliyal

i would likee to subscribed

10

I am very interest to install in my house

11

Dear Alik,
Thank you so much for your interest towards the Solar ( renewable Energy )
we are The Solar EPC contractor.so if you have any query regarding solar feel free to call.

Regards,
Manish Raya
Lata-tulsi Electrical & Switchgear Enterprises
khopoli, Maharashtra
8055783787 /9145109858

12

Dear Mr. Alik Manna,

Greetings.

We found your interest in Solar on Bijlibachao website.

We are the leading Channel Partner/Distributor/Whole Sale Supplier of SuKam Solar/UTL Solar/Exide Dynex/Okaya products in Delhi NCR and other locations.

Please let us know your requirements about solar. We will be happy to help you.

Looking forward to hear you soon.

--
Regards

Shane Alam
Business Development
& Project Implementaiton
Ph: 7503336293, 9313660338

13

Kindly share ur details & requirement for proposal on our email is: [email protected]

15

I want to setup solar system in home roof

16

Dear sir,
Thank you so much for your interest towards the Solar ( renewable Energy )
we are The Solar EPC contractor.so if you have any query regarding solar feel free to call.
Regards,
Manish Raya
Lata-tulsi Electrical & Switchgear Enterprises
khopoli, Maharashtra
8055783787 /9145109858

17

Kindly share ur details with us on our emailid: [email protected]

19

We are into Solar System Integrator based out of Bangalore and deal in both the solar in off grid and On grid power project as well as solar Street light, solar water pumping system, Please either call us on 9738189157 or please mail us on [email protected]

21

i have query plz contact with me on this no. 8826335057

22
kedar Nath singh

i want to setup solar power system at home. i want government subsidy also. i am farmer. can you provide me any mail details that guide me to provide subsidy. so that i can setup solar system
thanking you
From
Kedar nath Singh
village-khadhi(east tolla)
post + ps- bhore
dist-gopalganj
state -bihar
pinciode-841426

23

Thank you so much for your interest towards the Solar ( renewable Energy )
we are The Solar EPC contractor.so if you have any query regarding solar feel free to call.
Regards,
Manish Raya
Lata-tulsi Electrical & Switchgear Enterprises
khopoli, Maharashtra
8055783787 /9145109858

24

hello frnds we are a india based solar rooftop pv installation company. we deals in solar rooftop, solar mega projects consultancy, solar pumps in Maharashtra region.
for more information contact 9518762699

25

What is the cost of... 2bhk house.... Please inform me.. On my email
[email protected]

26

We are interested to have roof top solar panel with full installation in Ghaziabad. Can we get some suppliers contact numbers in Ghaziabad so that we may get full information on our requirements &total cost.
Kapil Palta
09811403974

27

I am interested to fitting solar panels on roof top of my house. To guide me for subsidy from government & contact service provider. Thanks for sahakar.

30

I am interested to buy a sollar PV for rooftop of house.
If possible, provide me the contacts of service provider

31

contact us for more information on solar rooftop
phone:9738189157

32

Good effort to understand, however can i use solar electricity for my farm machinery like Bore water Pump, Kutti Cutter, etc.

33

Pls let us know to run 2 window ACs of 1.5 ton each what capacity rooftop solar system is recommended.

34

contact us for more information on solar rooftop
phone:9738189157

35
Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Solar PV offgrid solution would be very expensive to run ACs. A typical 1.5 ton AC would consume about 1-1.2 units in an hour (and more for window AC) and a 1 ton AC would consume 0.8-1 unit per hour. For 8 hours that would be about 8-10 units of electricity. A 1 kWp system that would cost about 1 lakh would generate only 3-4 unit per day. So you will have to go for 2-3 kWp system which would cost 2-3 lakh just for 1 AC. So it will be really really expensive to run AC on solar.

36

I would like to start this business.can you guide me and if necessary required training.presrntly I am in Ambernath dist Thane.

37

I want setup 2kw solar gride tie roof top system in uttar pradesh help me
Reply
Share

38

contact us for more information on solar grid tie system
phone:9738189157

39

please share contact detail of an experties about solar panel in kolkata.

40
Devkiran singh

In Rajasthan grid tie roof top solar system with net metering setup with all formalities with govt

41
Devkiran singh

I want setup 5kw solar gride tie roof top system in Rajasthan with net metering help me

42

Dear sir,
Thank you so much for your interest towards the Solar ( renewable Energy )
we are The Solar EPC contractor.so if you have any query regarding solar feel free to call.
Regards,
Manish Raya
Lata-tulsi Electrical & Switchgear Enterprises
khopoli, Maharashtra
8055783787 /9145109858
[email protected]

43

contact us for more information about 5kw grid tie roof top system, we are solar service provider
phone:9738189157

44

I wants to know about basics about solar panel working model of 250 watts and installation of the system

45

I wish to know the details (cost, expected electricity savings, subsidy etc.) of solar power installation details for 100 square feet roof top area in Faridabad (Haryana) for domestic use.

46

contact us for more information about grid tie roof top system, we are solar service provider
phone:9738189157

47
Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Hello Mr Rajpal,

I would suggest that you read the writeup that we have on solar grid connected system : https://www.bijlibachao.com/solar/grid-connected-solar-pv-rooftop-system-india-home-panel-subsidy-cost.html

This article has comprehensive information about grid connected system where you can sell back to the grid after self use.

I would also suggest that you check out this video on our youtube channel:

48

Planing to install roof top on our house.Pl let me know the fallowing
How much it cost to supply &install 3/5 Kw. How much space is required.. How much UNITS produced per month.
Can any subsidy available from State or central Govt.Can we sell back units after self use to the grid.?

49

contact us for more information about grid tie roof top system, we are solar service provider
phone:9738189157

50
Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Hello Mr Vasan,

I would suggest that you read the writeup that we have on solar grid connected system : https://www.bijlibachao.com/solar/grid-connected-solar-pv-rooftop-system-india-home-panel-subsidy-cost.html

This article has comprehensive information about grid connected system where you can sell back to the grid after self use.

I would also suggest that you check out this video on our youtube channel:

5 Kw grid connected system would generate about 20 units per day and would cost about 3-4 lakhs.

51

I'm interested for my home in bangalore, please reply back ASAP with quote for 390sq.ft area

52

Dear Mr Charan, If you have not yet finalized your system with any system integrator , please give a call on 9740210502 and I would be happy to help you with putting up a system after a detailed site study and discussion with you.Regards

53

i m interested in setup rooftop solar plant in rajasthan kindly quote or contact 9828133440

54

Can u give overall detail about the cost of solar rooftop panels and it's concerned equipments including inverter and batteries for a house according to the norms of ministry of new and renewable energy ?

55

contact us for more information about grid tie roof top system, we are solar service provider
phone:9738189157

56

Can you recommend any solar panel suppliers in Lucknow?

57

how much quantity you require.
call at 9720967216

58
Vishwanath salunke

Please call me
9422522501

59
Jayanta Kumar Acharya

How much solar system will be required in my home and having 3 Ac with lights fans and motor pump also and let me know if possible for purchase in installments system. Jayanta Kumar Acharya 9830242168

60
Abhishek Jain (Mod)

I will just give you an analogy that I use to explain some concepts:

******************************************

1 kWp solar panels can produce 3-4 units of electricity in a day. But that is just energy generated. Running of appliance will depend on the capacity of the inverter and usage in hours. To give you analogy: Units of electricity are just like lts of petrol to be used in car. Batteries are like fuel tank of a car. And inverter is the load carrying capacity of a car. And appliances are like load (or number of people in a car).

Solar panels generate energy (which is equivalent to generating petrol for a car). 1 kWp panel can generate 3-4 units.

Also imagine that you have a car that can carry only 5 people. If you have 10-20 people travelling then you cannot fit them in a car that can carry 5 people (you need a mini bus for the same). Similarly if you have lot of big appliances, you cannot run it using a small inverter.

Also if suppose 3-4 units were equivalent to 10 lts of petrol, the mileage that car can give you will be more than mileage the mini bus can give you. So number of hours that appliances can run will depend on the energy that you will be able to generate.

And finally battery is like petrol tank of a vehicle. It stores petrol or energy. You need bigger petrol tank to store more petrol and smaller to store less. Similarly you need bigger and more batteries to store more energy and less and small to store less.

When you need to size a vehicle, you need to know: number of people that will travel (to get right sized vehicle), their weight (because to cannot fit multiple obese people in a mini bus as well), distance they have to travel (so that you can put petrol accordingly).

Similarly to size solar panel you need to know: Appliances and their wattages (to get right sized inverter), Number of hours that they have to run (to get number of units they will use), accordingly you can size the panels, batteries and inverter.

***************************************

Now interpreting your question in the same analogy, I would say you are asking, how much petrol needed for 4 people to travel. You do not know where they are going, how much distance is that, what car you have, what kind of mileage you can get from it.

The most important thing to calculate the right size is: Number of appliances to run, their wattages (if know, if not known then can be guessed), how long they have to run on solar.

61

HOW MUCH BIG SOLAR SYSTEM WILL BE REQURIED FOR A GOOD HOUSE USEING THREE AC 1.5 TON CAPACITY. AND WHAT WILL BE THE TOTAL PROJECT COST WITH EVERY THING. - KUSHAL - 9310627652

62

This is Rashmi from Bijaynagar Assam,want to install the solar system for electricity generation..plz help me outa

63

I am from Pune, Wagholi. Would like to install rooftop solar electricity system
. Please contact at 9765499781or WhatsApp on the same no.

64

[email protected]

65

"Agni Solar Systems PVT LTD" bring to you rooftop solar electricity systems. Not only do you enjoy lower electricity rates, but relying upon grid electricity is a thing of the past. Convenience of no loss of electricity.

For more about solar rooftop system please contact.

Company Email - [email protected]
Phone No - 02066434111
Mobile No - 9822648018

66

Please provide your email id and location we can provide you detail
proposal or send your email at [email protected]

Rooftop Solar PV System -
On Grid(With Net Metering)
Off Grid (with Battery)
Solar Photovoltaic Modules Panel
Solar Water Heater ETC & FPC
Solar Led Street Light
Solar Water Pump
Office No.9044064100

Regards-
Arpit Jaiswal
9455004100
Kotak Solar pvt ltd(Distributor)
Lucknow

67

HI , My household load is around 2500 watts . i have a microtek 5 kva normal inverter set with 8 exide batteries installed. it gives me a wonderful back up in winters but in summers i have to use DG set for an hour or 2 ( power cut of around 5-6 hours in day time ). Now i am planning to extend my load from 2500 to 3500 . so i am considering adding up solar panels
my local dealer told me to install around 5000 watts panels ( rate for monocrystalline panels around 30/watts ) and a 96v 30 A charge controller MPPT ( rate around 26000 ) .my house is a 5 story building so the total wire length from panels to batteries would be 75 feet ( cant shorten it ,batteries have to be at ground level )
Now i want your help ....is it the right quotation ? any expert suggestions? and 75 feet long wire ? which type of wire should i use ? regular ones or some special ones
and finally will it be an effective system i mean how much will be the losses due to so much wire length ?
[email protected]

68

Hi,

We had extensive experience in off grid and On grid power project, only for CAPEX model.
For Harayana, we had partnered for HREDA subsidy for On Grid projects. please mail us [email protected]

69
NARENDRANATH AGRAWALA

Ours is a Hospital attached with collage building, hostel building and residencial buildings, all with
flat top roof. Our present electric Contract Demand is 800KW,and monthly power consumption is
1,50,000 units. We want to instal Roof Top Solar Power System onBOOT System where we have
not to invest capital cost. Please advise best party,best material,and best price and shortest contract
period for geting the plant tranfered at nil value. Thanks.
NN Agrawala Pacific Institute of Medical Sciences, Udaipur (RAJ.)

70

contact us for more information about grid tie roof top system, we are solar service provider and also we will give the best quote and best materials
phone:9738189157

71
Solar Touch Systems

Solar Touch Systems company provides end to end solutions for On-grid as well Off-Grid Solar Power Projects. With our experienced team, we will help you in setting up the 800kW project successfully.
Please reach us at [email protected]
or Call/ whatsapp us at 8142687580/ 9920634116.

72

what is the cost of 50 kw solar power plant

73

Hi Manoj,
Please call at 8750071919

74

Please drop me a mail [email protected] or call me at +91-9582040879
We may invest in this project.

75
Virender Singh Dahiya

Hi Mr Agarwal
We are into Solar System Integrator based out of Bangalore and deal in both the solar in off grid and On grid power project as well as solar thermal. Please either call us on +919686677849 or please mail us on [email protected]

76

Hi Sir, Please Call, Message or Whatsapp on 9000177046 - Pradeep Reddy. We have huge experience in rooftop and can guide and execute your 800KW Project end to end. Kindly get in touch with us to discus further. Thanks!

77

Please call cell:9322218763

79

need a domestic solar invertor to power 8 fans, 8 lights, fridge, mixiee for 24 hrs,

with govt subsidy,

80

Blue, Silve, Gold PLATINUM+ Series

5000VA Off-Grid Solar Hybrid Inverter

PLATINUM+

Series Solar Hybrid Inverters are ideal for powering 4 BHK homes or

offices by using Solar Power during power cuts. PLATINUM+ Inverters use

SmartSwitch to intelligently switch between solar power and grid

electricity depending on the availability of sun.

• High efficiency solar panel for fast charging

• Equipped with deep discharge and overcharge protection

• SmartSwitch technology that switches between grid electricity and solar energy seamlessly

• Saves money by using solar energy to charge batteries and to power loads

• Digital display gives real time information on solar power generation, grid availability and battery level

• Can power 1.5 ton Air Conditioner

Specifications

Panel: 3000W-3750W Solar Panel

Output: 5000VA Pure Sine Wave AC

Battery Capacity: 240Ah - 300Ah @72V
Save Electricity upto 60% call me for cost

For dealership / distributorship

call me at 8697000196 [email protected]

B Sen Aura Energy

81

Please tell me cost soler power roof
Including ac ,heater

82

I m located in Samspur Charwa kaushambi pls tell the cost of 1.5 kW RSPV system off grid.
[email protected]

83

Hi Vinno Sahab
We are into Solar System Integrator based out of Bangalore and deal in both the solar in off grid and On grid power project as well as solar Street light, solar water pumping system, Please either call us on 9738189157 or please mail us on [email protected]

84

sir I am student of civil engineering college Amravati and we selected installation of solar system project in our college...plzzz send me advice for it and estimate of it...

85

Hello Vaibhav,
Kindly contact me to discuss further details.
+91-9764004053

86

I want to install 1.5 kw rooftop solar system in Kolkata. Any proposal?
Indranil- 9088025662

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