Electricity Saving Tips For Homes And Offices

Are CFLs replacements for Tube lights?

By on January 25, 2014

We have all known that CFLs are great electricity savers as compared to incandescent bulbs. Years of campaign and successful marketing by the government have led to good penetration of CFLs in Indian market, which is great. Although it is good that we have adopted CFLs so well, but CFLs were supposed to be replacement of incandescent bulbs. Are you using it to replace tubelights?

Fluorescent Lights

Fluorescent Lamp Technology

Both CFLs and Tubelights use the same Fluorescent Lamp technology to produce light. It contains mercury and phosphorous, particles of which get excited to produce light when current is passed through it. It requires a ballast or choke to pass current through it.  Traditional incandescent lamps waste 90% of electricity they use as heat and convert only 10% to light. Fluorescent lamps do not waste electricity as heat

Difference between CFL and Tubelight

CFLs are point source of light where light originates from the center (or point) and radiates outside in circles as shown in the diagram below:Point Source

The light is stronger at points closer to the center, but points farther away from the center get much lesser light. So closer you are to the bulb, brighter you will feel, but farther you are from it, you will feel less light.

Tubelights on the other hand are line source of light. Their light radiation pattern is cylindrical in nature as shown in diagram below:Line Source

Tubelights cover more area with bright light as every inch of a tubelight acts as a point source. This makes one feel that a room with tubelight is brighter than a room with CFL.

So if you compare a 28 W CFL with 28 W tubelight in a bigger room (with wider area), you will feel that the room is brighter with 28 W tubelight. The reason for it is as explained above.

So where should you use CFL and where a Tubelight?

CFLs are great for smaller areas like puja room, kitchen (if it is small), bathrooms, etc where the light requirement is less.  For bigger rooms like drawing rooms and bedrooms, a tubelights are better. Tubelights are also better for tasks like reading, studying and sewing that require much more brightness.

Is it better to use multiple CFLs instead of a tubelight?

It depends. If you use all the CFLs at same time then the total wattage may be more than the wattage of a tubelight. But if you use only one CFL at a time, then the total wattage will be less than a tubelight. Also please note that to get the brightness equivalent to a tubelight, 3 or more CFLs will be required in the room, which will make the wattage requirement more than a tubelight.

Which tubelight is the most electricity efficient?

Tubelights come in 3 variants: T-12, T-8 and T-5 with diameter of 38 mm, 25mm and 16 mm respectively. The table below gives a comparison of all these variants:

Variant

Power Rating

Ballast Type available

Power Rating with Ballast

T-12

40 Watts

Electromagnetic (15 Watts)

Electronic (3 Watts)

55 W (electromagnetic)

43 W (electronic)

T-8

36 Watts

Electromagnetic (15 Watts)

Electronic (3 Watts)

51W (electromagnetic)

39 W (electronic)

T-5

25 Watts (for 4 ft long tube)

13 Watts (for 2 ft long tuble)

Electronic (3 Watts and 1 watt for 4ft and 2ft tubes respectively)

28 W (for 4 ft long tube)

14 W (for 2 ft long tube)

T-12 is the most inefficient version of tubelight and is being phased out in many countries. But it is still most commonly available in India.

T-8, which is slimmer than T-12 has been used as a replacement of T-12 for quite some years now. It can be installed in the same fitting as that of T-12.

T-5, which is the most efficient one is the latest and best tubelight available in Indian market currently. It is very slim and cannot be fitted in a T-12 or T-8 fixture. It comes along with it’s own fixture. So if you plan to replace your tubelight with T-5, then you will have to change the complete fixture to this slimmer one.

Below are the 2 types of ballasts that tubelights use:

Electro Magnetic Ballast

Electromagnetic Ballast with a choke

Electronic Ballast

Electronic Ballast

How to choose right CFL?

Always look for the size of the room before choosing a CFL. Choosing a 28 Watt CFL for a very small room is wastage of electricity if you use that room only for storage. At times a 5 watt CFL is also sufficient for a bathroom and by using 28 Watts CFL you are putting a strain on your electricity bills and increasing units consumed. You are the best judge to evaluate the brightness required in a room, so please make sure that you choose appropriate CFL. You can also check our article on task based lighting and CFL buying guide to get more information.

Where can I get a T-5 tubelight?

The best bet is your closest electrical store. Ask for a T-5 tubelight and you should get it. In bigger cities they are also available in bigger retail stores like Home Town, etc. Phillips, Havells, Osram and Surya are some of the big manufacturers of T-5 tubelights. A T5 tubelight costs around Rs 450 and can payback for itself (by saving electricity) in a year or so. T5 tubelights have a life of 4-5 years and come with 1-2 years replacement guarantee.

The intent of this article is not to take away merits of using CFL. CFLs are great electricity savers. What we want to highlight is that it is important to choose the right kind of lamp to make sure that you needs are met and electricity is saved. Keep watching Bijli Bachao as we are in process of creating a calculator that can help you evaluate different types of lighting options with money savings.

Source of Photo and Information:

www.wikipedia.org

http://www.energymanagertraining.com/Journal/05102007/EnergySavingTips.pdf

Have question, doubt or comment? Leave a message (please submit once as the comments take time to appear online)

There Are 28 Comments

  1. Prasanna Kumar says:

    Hi,

    I am bit confused on the wattage to be used for electronic choke . Need advise.. I have purchased a 40 Watt electronic choke (Crompton Greaves) to light up two T5 tube lights ( each measuring 2 ft and of 14 watt rating ). When I connect these two tubes in serial the total wattage comes up to 28 watt which is much below the choke rating of 40 watt. So need a advise if my current set up will burn the tubes if I go ahead or shall I add one more tube in serial which increases the total wattage to 42 watt . I am not able to decide whether this is a good idea or shall I have to go for another choke with alternate wattage rating ( if available in the market ) Please advise.

    Regards
    Prasanna Kumar

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      When you connect 2 nos. 14 watt 2ft tube light in series, the voltage across each T5 will be half as compared to 230 V rating mentioned on the fitting. In that case it will not work. Don’t confuse voltage with wattage. You have to connect these FTL in parallel (not in series) and each T5 will need its own choke to match 14W rating. One can connect two T5 in series when rated for 110V AC when supplied with 230V AC.

      • Prasanna Kumar says:

        Thank you for the clarification. Yes I was confused between wattage and voltage , let me put this way …. Can I run a single 14 / 18 watt tube on a 40 watt electronic choke ? Both tube and choke are rated to run on 220 volt. Please let me know.

        Regards
        Prasan

        • Abhishek Jain says:

          Which electronic choke are you talking about? Most tubelight electronic chokes consume 2-3 watts.

  2. Dinesh says:

    what is the difference between 8watt cfl electronics ballast & T-5 fluorescent tube 8watt electronics ballast. if 8watt cfl electronics ballast use the T-5 fluorescent tube run but how to effect after one year use this ballast.

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      Hello Mr Dinesh,

      T5 tubelight does not use 8 watt electronic ballast. It uses a 2-3 watt electronic ballast.

      Regards,
      Abhishek

      • prasad mayya says:

        yesterday i went to local repair shop…. i saw one T5 tube light fittings ….. GM brand …… 1 year 6 month old…… he shown circuit to me ….. he didnt recommend T5 tubes…….

  3. sai says:

    wat is the difference between electric choke tube and electronic chokec tubes? which is effective?

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      Hello Sai,

      Hello Sai,

      You may find answers to your questions on these links:

      http://www.bijlibachao.com/infographics/tubelight-ballast-do-you-have-the-right-one.html

      http://www.bijlibachao.com/infographics/types-of-tubelights-available-in-indian-market-and-their-power-consumption.html

      Let me know if you still have any doubts.

      Regards,

      Abhishek

      • prasad mayya says:

        i think 2 types of electric chokes are available ….. one is available for 75Rs around and another one is available for 125Rs….. i had installed two 20W tube with electric choke ( 2ft )…. last year i checked waattage with the help of inverter ( lcd display ) ….. one tubeis showing 80w and other is showing 100w…. then i replaced both with 20W CFL…..
        problem is most of people dont know about electric items and their effeciency … they look for price only ….

        • Abhishek Jain says:

          There are electronic and electromagnetic ballasts available for tubelights. More details on it are as shown below:
          Ballast

          But Tubelights measuring 80W and 100W is quite high, they should not. Old T12 tubelights measure about 55-60 W. T5 is the most efficient.

          Regards,
          Abhishek

          • prasad mayya says:

            no problem with tubelight …. problem is ballast …. when i checked same tube ( 2 feet T12 -20W ) with electronic ballast it consumes around 25W….. so my suggestion is dont go for electric ballst which is available for around 60 to 70Rs….. also dont go for electronic ballast which is available for 200Rs( philips brand ) ….. dont come for 1year ….. got replacement …… they lasted for another 3month….. now i have installed bajaj tubelight fitting ( T8 ) ……… choke comes with 2year guarantee….. no problem at all……. also choke is repairable…….

  4. Ravi Saxena says:

    Hi Abhishek…
    Very informative website. Compliments!

    Need an advise…. I am looking at putting lighting to my aquarium with dimensions as follows:

    L – 60 Inch
    H- 30 Inch
    W- 18 Inch
    I have space for 4 tubelights and 2 bulbs on the aquarium top. This being a planted aquarium, I need 20,000 (Not sure though) Lumens for the plants (Lillies / Cuba etc) to grow.
    Can you please advise which tubelights to put in. Lumens, initial cost and running cost will be my 3 major considerations to decide.
    Thanks in advance
    Ravi
    M: +91 99 999 99 679

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      Hello Mr Saxena,

      If you need 20000 lumens, then 4 tubelights and 2 bulbs may not suffice. Typically a regular 4 feet tubelight gives 2700 lumens. Which means 4 tubelights will give you 10800 lumens. Getting the rest from 2 bulbs will be difficult. Although you can go for 54 W T5 tubelights that give double the lumens as compared to regular tubelights. These are 4 ft tubelights and need to fit along the length of the aquarium. But I wonder if that is really your requirement as 20000 lumens is a lot of light! To know more about tubelights you can check these articles on our website:

      http://www.bijlibachao.com/Lights/t5-fluorescent-tube-light-fittings-options-available-in-the-market.html

      http://www.bijlibachao.com/Lights/cfl-bulbs-and-fluorescent-tubes-buying-guide.html

      By the way you can get more lumens per watt with LEDs if you can go with LED spotlights (those with smaller beam angles). To know more about it you can check this link:

      http://www.bijlibachao.com/Lights/led-light-bulbs-buying-guide.html

      Please note T5 tubelights may cost a little more upfront, but if your usage is high then it can pay back for the extra costs in a few months.

      Hope this helps.

      Regards,
      Abhishek

  5. Sudhanshu says:

    abhishek, this is a very informative website & we tend to look at EU or western website for guidance in science matter but I have no doubt that this website is much better in terms of quality of information…..keep it up…i have most of my doubts cleared from this single website.
    Sudhanshu

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      Thanks for the good words Sudhanshu. It really motivates us to do better. I am glad that the site was of help.

      Regards,
      Abhishek

  6. Sanjeet says:

    always wanted to know the diff & finally googled to get this page. Was really useful & look forward to a direct comparison on CFL Vs T5 w.r.t power saving benefits Vs cost Vs life span

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      Hello Mr Sanjeet,

      You can compare savings of CFL vs T5 tubelight using our calculator on this link: http://www.bijlibachao.com/Calculators/compare-bulbs-cfls-and-tubelights-for-electricity-savings.html

      The life of a CFL or T5 Tubelight truly depends on where and how it is used. Typically T5 tubelights run well for 3-4 years for a regular home use. CFLs depending on their make, work for about 2 years.

      The initial cost of putting up T5 is high (about Rs 500+) because it needs a different frame (not the regular tueblight frame). But once setup, the replacement tube comes for just Rs100-150. A T5 tubelight gives twice the amount of light per watt as compared to a CFL. CFLs are good for smaller rooms and areas.

      Hope this helps.

      Regards,
      Abhishek

      • Abhishek Jain says:

        You should also check this link: http://www.bijlibachao.com/Lights/life-and-performance-of-cfls-and-fluorescent-tube-lights-depends-on-ambient-or-room-temperature.html

        Regards,
        Abhishek

  7. Shyam Sunder says:

    Thank u very much, for the information . Great Interesting and Useful. Rgds Shyam

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      Hello Mr Sunder,

      We are glad that you liked the information. We have a free monthly newsletter that you can subscribe to. We keep sending useful information through it every month.

      Regards,
      Abhishek

  8. Vinay says:

    Very useful. Not only interesting but also informative

  9. IP Singh Gujral says:

    Dear Mr Jain,

    Thank you very much for putting the information in a very simple language. Not only informative but useful also.

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      Hello Mr Gujral,

      I am glad that you found it useful. All good words motivate us to do better.

      Regards,
      Abhishek

  10. Giri says:

    its really very impressive and informative. thanks for the same

    • Abhishek Jain says:

      Thanks Giri, I am glad that you found the information useful.

      Regards,
      Abhishek

      • sujithtc chidambaran ts says:

        thanks,i had doubt in buying tube light and cfl,,,it got cleared,i can go on buying tubelight..

        • Abhishek Jain says:

          We would suggest you to buy a T5 tubelight. You can know more about it from our website. And especially from this link: http://www.bijlibachao.com/Infographics/types-of-tubelights-available-in-indian-market-and-their-power-consumption.html

          Regards,
          Abhishek

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