Electricity Saving Tips For Homes And Offices

Fuel Adjustment Charges on Electricity Bills explained

By on August 27, 2015

Have you ever wondered why your electricity bill amount is not the same even when you have the same number of units consumed on the bill? Why is it that the electricity bill is different even when you have not changed your electricity consumption? If you look at your bills you will just find that there is an amount mentioned as FAC or FCA or FPPCA, which is either positive or negative and is creating the difference.

What is FAC/FCA or FPPCA?

FAC (Fuel Adjustment Charge) or FCA (Fuel Cost Adjustment) or FPPCA (Fuel and Power Purchase Cost Adjustment) is amount that utilities apply on bills based on varying price of fuel or Coal. The price of coal or fuel changes every month based on demand and supply of coal and thus cost of producing electricity changes accordingly. The electricity generation companies pass on this cost to distribution companies who there by pass it on to consumers.

Why is FAC not included in the tariff slabs?

Electricity regulatory commissions of various states fix tariffs for electricity in India periodically. The revision happens every few years (every year in some cases) and a new tariff is set based on the cost of production and distribution of electricity. But the prices of fuel or coal changes throughout the year and the utilities have to manage these changing costs by passing it to the consumer.

How frequently does FAC change?

It varies from state to state. In some places like Mumbai, FAC is calculated every month. In most of the states it is Quarterly. In Madhya Pradesh it is Half Yearly and in West Bengal it is yearly. In some states like Chhattisgarh and Tripura it is revised on need basis from time to time. In case new tariffs are not defined frequently, the FAC component in electricity bill can be as much as the electricity tariff amount.

How is FAC calculated?

Every state has a different formula to calculate FAC amount. We are in process of collecting this information. We will update the readers of Bijli Bachao as soon as we get this information handy.

How does FAC impact my electricity bill?

It is a charge that is applicable per unit of electricity consumed. Unlike fixed charges it is a variable component on the electricity bill and changes as per your consumption of electricity every month. At times it is negative as well but mostly it is positive. Any reduction in monthly consumption of electricity will surely help in bringing down the amount in this component. So keep reading Bijli Bachao and reduce your electricity consumption.

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अगर आप के कुछ भी सवाल हैं, वह आप नीचे दिए हुए सवाल-जवाब सेक्शन में पूछ सकते हैं। आप अपने सवाल हिंदी में भी पूछ सकते हैं और हम आपको हिंदी में ही जवाब देंगे। कृपया एक ही सवाल को बार बार ना डालें। आप एक बार जब "submit " बटन दबाएंगे, उसके बाद आपका सवाल यहाँ दिखने में थोड़ा टाइम लगेगा। कृपया धैर्य रखें। अगर हमारे पास आपके सवाल का जवाब है तो हम उसे जल्दी से जल्दी जवाब देने की कोशिश करेंगे। कृपया अपने सवाल ई मेल या सोशल मीडिया पर ना डालें।

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In haryana the govt.reduced slab from 800 units pm to 500 units pm. Then they raise the tariff rates. After that they increase FAC. It appears that the govt. wants to cover line loss from the honest people


How varying price of fuel or Coal (demand & supply of coal) is related to the electricity supplied at my home?

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Because electricity is generated in a coal fired plant.


It would be helpful if you could provide with the FAC figures for various states in the country as has been provided for other charges previously.


I wants to know why the fuel surcharge adjustment is so high in haryana? Prior it is fixed to 13 rs no matter how much we consumed electricity...but from last four months it multiply with consumption of electricity bill...i dnt get it...and they are taking wrong meter reading also..cant get what to do please help..


Suddenly very concerned to see my electricity bill for past 2 months - a good amount of FSA has been charged this time.

How is FSA charged by DHBVN in Gurgaon - monthly/quarterly/annually? Never saw this on the previous bills.

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Hi Ankit,

Not sure of DHBVN but FSA is typically calculated every billing period. So if your bills are generated monthly then FSA should be calculated every month. This is how it happens in most states.


its charged in every bill in gurgaon by dhbvn


Is FSA calculated as per units consumed, as appearing in bills of DHBVN in Gurgaon(Haryana)?does it relate to less amount per unit claimed earlier?

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

It does not pertain to less amount paid earlier. It is the charge on the consumption of units in the billing period.


Dear all,
How is FSA(Fuel Surcharge Adjustment )calculated by DHBVN in Gurgaon,Haryana.. As i have occupied a rented house recently a month back only, is this amount payable by me or the landlord, in their bill dt. 15.9..2015 pertaining to the period from 19th July2015 to 15.9.2015 for 58 days.?An early reply is solicited. Thanks.


Dear All,
I have occupied a rented house w.e.f 1.9.2015 in Gurgaon,Haryana and a sum of Rs 2,714.23 is included as Fuel Charge Adjustment in their bill dt 15.9.2015. Is it payable by the landlord or by me {the tenant).Kindly advise asap.thanks and regards. shobha


Pay half IMHO.

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Depends on the agreement between you and your landlord. Fuel Charge is similar to energy charge and depends on electricity used. So ideally it should be paid by you.


Sir Sanjeev here, I have one 1.5ton window ac 5 star and one split ac 1.5ton 3 star, one geyser which works in winter a 360 litre refrigerator 4 star rated, 4cfls and three fans what load should i apply in uttar pradesh, two acs will not work together always. all fans never work together, also i have a sukam inverter, please suggest me

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

You should go for 4 kW load. Your geyser itself would be 2-3 kW. AC would be 1.5 kW each. Refrigerator would be max 0.35 kW. 3 Fans would be 0.27kW.


But geysers dont work in summer and ac's dont work in winter

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Your geyser + fans + refrigerators itself may take it to 4 KW and that is why we suggested 4 KW.


HI sir, I have to take a new electricity connection for my new house with these appliances 5 cfls(8hrs/day),3 fans,1 submersible pump(1hp),1 freeze, 2coolers(only in summer), 1 inverter, 1 t.v, 1 geezer(in winter), 1 washing m/c.so, plz suggest me that 2 kva is sufficient for the new connection or not.

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Hello Mr Saurav,

Your geyser alone can take 2KVA or more depending on model. Pump + Refrigerator is another 1 kVA. And 1 KVA for the rest of the things. However when you take connected load, you figure out the maximum of sum of load of appliances that will be switched on at any given point of time. If Geyser will be on along with pump and refrigerator then these 3 themselves will take up 3 KVA. But if geyser is not on then the system will consume less than 2KVA. 4 KVA will be safe for you.


DERC Supply Code and Performance Standards Regulations, 2007, ANNEXE XIII, Assessment of energy in cases of theft/pilferage on Page 124 of the subject code / regulations has following insertion;


The working hours for the purpose of assessment in the cases of bonafide domestic use for operating domestic water pump, microwave owens, washing machines and petty domestic appliances shall not be considered for more than one hour working per day on 100% load factor.


In this regard, kindly clarify how the Geyser is to be treated for assessment? Is it to be treated as a petty domestic appliance and not be considered for more than one hour working per day on 100% load factor?

Is there any DERC ruling / clarification/ case in this regard? Kindly provide the same in case available. I understand that Staff Paper on Delhi Electricity Supply Code & Performance Standards Regulations has proposed Geyser as petty domestic appliance, but this never got implemented.

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Hi Ashwani,

I am sorry, I do not have much idea on this.


dear mr abhishek, my FPPPA charges for august 2014, in gandhinagar gujarat(torrent power) is 1763rs. Please explain it. Please add an option for attaching bill here (instead of mailing it) so communication can be improved.

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Hello Dr Suneet,

Can you please upload your electricity bill on this link ( https://script.google.com/macros/s/AKfycbzdVQCere_0DQKiP29Xg9pY7Fk6cyXDWQiot3nTLZsOXF8QkIY/exec ) and reply to me on this comment confirming the same? I will reply back to you with details.


Hi I have sent bill on your link.

Abhishek Jain (Mod)

Hello Dr Suneet,

As per the letter submitted by Torrent to GERC (link: http://www.torrentpower.com/regulatory/pdfs/fpppa-q1-fy-14-15.pdf ), the FPPPA value is Rs 1.88 per unit consumed. So for 938 units consumed (on the bill), the total FPPPA amount is 1.88 x 938 = 1763.44.


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