# Impact of Connected Load on Fixed Charges in Electricity Bills

Electricity bill and it’s components are considered as one of the most difficult to understand and most people make the payment without understanding the same. So to help people understand electricity bills in India we are writing a series of articles and creating calculators to help people understand their electricity bills properly.

This is the first article in the series and in this we will try to explain the concept of connected load and how it impacts fixed charges on your electricity bill. Many people these days are quite tech savvy and most have internet connection at their homes. We all understand the concept of bandwidth and download limit. Bandwidth is maximum speed at which you can get your connection irrespective of number of computer you have at home. If you have more computers, you will need more bandwidth. Connected load for electricity is similar to bandwidth and is the maximum amount of wattage that is allocated to a house. If you have more appliances, sum of whose wattage is more than the connected load, then the system will come down crashing. Connected load is also mentioned as sanctioned load or just load (or भार in hindi) on electricity bills.

### How is connected load calculated

So how is the connected load calculated because you never opted for it when you took a connection? Well it is done by engineers from the utility from which you take a connection. When you fill up a form to take a connection, you have to mention the list of appliances at your home. Utilities also do something called a “Load Survey” to profile specific areas in the cities to figure out the lifestyle of people living in the area. Based on inputs provided by you on the form and the profiling, they decide on the connected load for your house. The connected load is also periodically adjusted based on the usage (it does not decrease but only increase if your usage pattern is on higher side).

### Impact of Connected Load on electricity bills

So how does it impact your electricity bills? In most states the fixed cost component in electricity bill is dependent on the load. As the load increases fixed cost increases. At the end of this article we have given a table that explains how fixed cost is impacted in various states in India. Load also impacts monthly minimum charges in some states. Monthly minimum charge is the lowest limit on your energy charges amount. Which means even if you do not run any appliance in your house, you will get that much bill. In some states load also varies the per unit electricity charge on your bill. Please check our tariff article that lists tariffs in various states to see how it impacts you.

Another factor that gets impacted by connected load is the phase of connection. A single-phase connection provides 220 Volts whereas a three-phase connection provides 440 Volts. If you have higher connected load, you need a three-phase connection to suffice the needs. Three-phase connections have higher fixed costs and meter rents (yes in some states you have to pay rent on the meters installed in your location).

### How electricity saving measures help

So how does Bijli Bachao (or save electricity) helps you reduce your connected load or fixed charges? The use of energy efficient appliances reduces the total wattage of your house, and in turn reduces electricity load for your connection. As the load reduces your fixed costs come down and you save on your electricity bills. In case you have started using efficient appliances and you do not see any reduction in your connected load and you feel that you have a higher connected load assigned and reducing the same will reduce your electricity bill (based on the calculations below), then you should approach your utility (or electricity provider) to ask them to recalculate the load and assign a new lower connected load (or even single phase if required) based on your consumption.

### How connected load impacts bills in different states

Please see the table below to see how connected load impacts bills in your state (the data is collected from tariff orders from various state electricity regulatory commissions and is only for LT (Low Transmission) domestic connections in urban areas):

State | Impact |

Andhra Pradesh | 1) Slab rates are different for connected load less than 0.5 kW and more than 0.5 kW 2) Meter Rent is Rs 25 for single phase connection for connected load less than 0.5 kW and is Rs 50 for connected load more than 0.5 kW. 3) Meter Rent is Rs 150 for Three Phase Connection. |

Arunachal Pradesh | 1) Minimum Monthly Charge is Rs 32 per kW of connected load for Single Phase Connection 2) Minimum Monthly Charge is Rs 53 per kW of connected load for Three Phase Connection. |

Assam | 1) Fixed Charges are Rs 30 per kW of connected load. |

Bihar | 1) For Single Phase connection with up to 7 kW of connected load, fixed charges are Rs 55 for 1st kW and additional Rs 15 for each additional kW. Minimum Monthly Charges are Rs 40 for 1st kW and Rs 20 for each additional kW. 2) For Three Phase connection with 5 kW to 20 kW connected load, fixed charges are Rs 250 for 1st 5 kW and additional Rs 15 for each additional kW. Minimum Monthly Charges are Rs 40 for 1st kW and Rs 20 for each additional kW. |

Chattisgarh | 1) Single phase connection is for up to 2 kW load and monthly minimum charges are Rs 30. 2) Three phase connection is from 2 kW to 20 kW load and monthly minimum charges are Rs 100 |

Goa | 1) Monthly Minimum Charges are Rs 20 for first 0.5 kW and Rs 15 for each additional 0.5 kW. |

Gujarat | 1) Fixed charges are Rs 15 if connected load is less than 2 kW. Rs 25 if connected load is between 2 to 4 kW. Rs 45 if connected load is between 4 to 6 kW. And Rs 65 for load above 6kW. |

Gujarat - Ahmedabad | Fixed Charges are Rs 25 for single phase and Rs 60 for three phase connections. |

Gujarat - Surat | Fixed Charges are Rs 25 for single phase and Rs 60 for three phase connections. |

Haryana | Fixed Charges are Rs 100 per kW for 1st 2 kW and additional Rs 60 per kW after 2 kW. |

Himachal Pradesh | Fixed Charges is Rs 30 irrespective of connected load. |

Jammu and Kashmir | Monthly Minimum Charges are Rs 15 for load between 0 and 0.25, Rs 25 for load between 0.25 and 0.5, Rs 40 for load between 0.5 and 1 and Rs 40 per kW for load above 1 kW. |

Jharkhand | For connected load less than 4 kW Rs 40 if consumption is less than 200 units and Rs 60 if consumption is more than 200 units. Fixed charges of Rs 100 for connected load above 4 kW. |

Karnataka | Rs 25 for 1st kW and Rs 35 per kW for every additional kW of connected load. |

Kerala | Fixed Charges of Rs 20 per month for single phase connection and Rs 60 per month for three phase connection. |

Madhya Pradesh | If monthly units consumption is between 101 and 300, fixed charges are Rs 75 for each 0.5 kW of connected load. If monthly units consumption is between 301 and 500, fixed charges are Rs 80 for each 0.5 kW of connected load. If monthly units consumption is above 500, fixed charges are Rs 85 for each 0.5 kW of connected load. |

Maharashtra | Fixed charges of Rs 55 for single phase connection and Rs 160 for three phase connection. |

Mumbai - Tata and Reliance | For single phase connections: Rs 50 if consumption is less than 100 units. Rs 80 if consumption is between 101 and 500 units and Rs 105 for consumption over 500 units. For three phase connection Rs 105 per every 10 KW (rounded to 10 KW). |

Mumbai - BEST | For single phase connections: Rs 50 if consumption is less than 100 units. Rs 80 if consumption is between 101 and 500 units and Rs 105 for consumption over 500 units. For three phase connection Rs 105 per every 10 KW (rounded to 10 KW). |

Manipur | Fixed Charges of Rs 60 per kW of connected load. |

Meghalaya | Fixed Charges of Rs 40 per kW of connected load. |

Mizoram | Fixed Charges of Rs 25 per kW of connected load. |

Nagaland | Fixed Charges of Rs 10 plus Rs 100 for every kW of connected load. |

New Delhi | Rs 40 for connected load of 0 to 2 kW. Rs 100 for connected load of 2 to 5 kW and Rs 20 per kW for connected load above 5 kW. |

Odisha | Rs 20 for 1st kW of connected load and additional Rs 20 for every additional kW. |

Punjab | Monthly Minimum Charges are Rs 52 per kW for connected load less than 50 kW and Rs 47 per kW if connected load is more. |

Rajasthan | Minimum Fixed charge of Rs 200 per month for consumption less than 150 units, Rs 220 per month for consumption between 150-300 units, Rs 265 per month for consumption between 300-500 units and Rs 285 per month for consumption above 500 units . |

Sikkim | No impact of connected load. |

Tamil Nadu | No impact of connected load. Fixed Charges based on units consumed. |

Tripura | Fixed Charges of Rs 60 per kW for Three phase supply (connected load more than 3 kW) |

Uttar Pradesh | Fixed Charges of Rs 100 per kW of connected load. |

Uttarakhand | Fixed Charges of Rs 35 per month for connected load less than 4 kW and Rs 90 per month for connected load more than 4 kW. |

West Bengal | Fixed Charges of Rs 15 per kW of connected load. |

West Bengal - Kolkata - CESC | Fixed Charges of Rs 15 per kW of connected load. |

Chandigarh | No impact of connected load. |

Source: Latest Tariff Orders (for 2012) from various state electricity regulatory commisions' websites