Electricity Saving Tips For Homes And Offices

Know Your Electricity Bill

By on April 27, 2016

It is very important to understand the electricity bill and it’s components to make plans for energy savings. Our electricity bills have quite a lot of information to give us a good insight to our electricity consumption patterns. A good understanding of various components can help one plan for money saving exercise. In this article, we will discuss various sections/information on electricity bills that are important: 

  • Tariff / Category: Tariff and Category determine the rate structure applicable on the bill. Typical tariff codes start with LT (Low Tension) or HT (High Tension). LT codes are typically used for residential connections and small offices . HT codes are typically used for bigger industries and complexes. Category in the bill determines if the connection is residential, commercial or industrial. Different rates/slabs are applicable for different tariff codes and thus it is important to validate that the right tariff code is applied on the electricity bill. This information is available on bill header as shown below:bill header
  • Type of Supply & Connected Load: Connected Load is the total pool of supply that is given to a meter. This is calculated in kW (or Killo-Watts). This is the total peak kW given to a meter based on the appliances connected to the meter. This is not your actual energy consumption and only impacts fixed charges on your electicity bill. Connected load also determines if the connection will be a single phase or three phase. If load is more then supply is three phase and thus fixed charges are more. Utilities also charge more fixed cost for incremental connected load. Below is a screenshot from Reliance Energy bill in Mumbai:connected load
  • Units Consumed: Units consumed is the number of kWh (Killo-Watt-Hour) consumed in a month. 1 kWh is equivalent to keeping a 100 Watts bulb on for 10 hrs. This information is calculated by finding the difference between meter readings of two consecutive months. This is the total monthly consumption by all the appliances that are connected to the meter. This is the value that needs to come down in order to reduce the electricity bill. An observation of consumption history can give an indictor of the appliances having higher electricity consumption (typically Air Conditioners increase consumption in summers).units consumed
  • Tariff Structure: It is very important to note the tariff structure on your bill, as this is the best indicator of how the bill can be reduced. Typically for residential and SMB commercial connections, the structure is slab based (unlike industrial connections where units are charged at a high flat rate). The intent behind the slab structure is to reward low energy users and charge extra to those who have high consumption. The slabs are based on the “Units Consumed” that we discussed earlier. As the number of units consumed increase, energy charge changes and also the fixed costs associated with the slab increases. Below is a sample of tariff structure from a bill from Mumbai:tariff structure updated
  • Fuel Adjustment Charge (FAC): As you can see in the tariff structure above, there is a FAC rate applicable at each slab. This is the additional cost of power incurred due to fuel price increments during a year. Fuel in most cases is Coal. As per a study, after 2011, the production rates of coal will decline, reaching 1990 levels by the year 2037, and reaching 50% of the peak value in the year 2047. So invariably FAC will increase till alternate sources of electricity are not developed to a state where they can generate electricity that cheap. So electricity costs will surely increase in future.

Understanding the elements of electricity bill mentioned above can help you understand your electricity bill and will also help you to plan your electricty consumption reduction project. Two things that should be targeted are: Units Consumed and Connected Load. Reduce the two and your electricity bill will surely come down.inforgaphic17

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  • Abhinandan Choudhary
  • Rampal Dhiman

    Dear sir,
    I have NDS connection with 4kw load in my showroom. The following instruments are available in it.
    Fans – 05
    cooler- 01
    Freeze- 01
    2 HP motor- 01
    1 HP motor- 03
    T.V. – 01
    Switch- 45
    Socet simple -09

    Please tell me total load of above. i should be load increase or not?

  • Rampal Dhiman

    i am rampal dhiman from haryana state. i have a NDS electricity connection of 4 kw. I want to know about MMC in elctitcity bill. when i have consumed 153 units then mmc is Rs 1107 and when i consumed 300 it is near about Rs 500. please tell me the rate list of MMC. When i want to save electricity then no change in my electricity bill.

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain


      MMC depends on your connected load. You can check page no 190 of the haryana tariff order: https://herc.gov.in/writereaddata/orders/o20150507.pdf

      It says this: Rs. 120 up to 2 kW and Rs.70 above 2 kW

      It is independent of number of units consumed. It depends on your connection load. Also I guess the bill with MMC of 1107 must be of 2 months and the one with MMC of Rs 500 would be of one month. Just check the time period on the two bills.

    • Rampal Dhiman

      thanks sir

  • Sushil Kumar Jha

    Sir, I am a consumer of Dakshin Haryana Bijli Vitran Nigam and consumed just 186 unit for the period from 1/2/2016 to 25/4/2016 (84 days). I have received a bill for Rs.2235/-. Energy Charges are just Rs.504/- but other charges, like Fuel Surcharge Adjustment (Rs.212.80), Amount to Cover MMC (Rs.924.00) and Sundry Charges (Rs.562.90), make my bill to Rs.2235/-. I could not understand these additional charges. Despite my low consumption, I got a heavy bill. May I request you kindly let me understand my bill and also advice whether I should prefer any complaint for the inflated bill, if any discrepancy is there.

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Hello Mr Jha,

      Fuel Adjustment Charges are for variation in cost of coal (or any other fuel). The concept is explained on this link: https://www.bijlibachao.com/electricity-bill/fuel-adjustment-charges-on-electricity-bills-explained.html

      MMC or Minium Monthly Charges are charges for the connection. These charges will be applicable even if your consumption is 0 units. The electricity department does not know if you will use electricity or not, but they still have to plan for distribution of electricity to your house. They have to make sure that the infrastructure is up and running (just in case you use electricity). For this there are minimum monthly charges.

      I am not aware of Sundry Charges. You will have to call up the customer support center of DHBVN to get clarity on that.

    • Sushil Kumar Jha

      Thanks. Abhishek.

  • Stephen

    Sir , what is Arrears in electricity bill ? I was charged 233 /- in my last bill

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Arrears are pending amount from previous bills. Part which should have been paid earlier but is pending.

  • heeralal

    i has consumed only 43 unit in 2 months. but my fixed charge is 360 .how it is ?

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Fixed charges do not depend on unit consumption. It depends on the size of the connection or the connected load. Just like if you take a house on rent, you stay there or not, you have to pay the rent. You pay more for a bigger house, less for a smaller house. Similarly based on the size of your connection, you have to pay fixed charges (you use electricity or not). That is the expense the electricity distribution company has to incur to provide a supply to your house (you use it or not).

  • cps

    Thank you Mr.Abhishek.. but since you seem to know enough about the subject, I would urge & appreciate if you could give me point wise reply based on your understanding so that when I take it up with Gre. red comm. , i am stronger…

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Hello Mr CPS,

      A lot depends on the kind of arrangement you have with your builder. Typically this kind of arrangement is mostly seen in Gurgaon/NCR. I have not seen similar arrangement in any other city where builder takes a High Voltage connection and distributes low voltage connection on his own.

      In most place people get:

      1) Fixed Charges: which is based on the connected load. So if you have 7.5 kVA, you will only pay for 7.5 kVA. But I guess in your case there are several apartments that are empty and that is why builder is trying to pass on the extra cost for all other unoccupied apartments to you all. Which I think is not right, but then it depends on the arrangement between you and your builder (should be part of the agreement if the builder is providing electricity).

      2) Energy Charges: This is based on actual consumption and if the flats are empty, then those will probably not have any consumption. But again this number should exactly be what is shown in the meter. I hope the builder has installed a meter in each house and there is monthly reading done to check monthly consumption.

      3) Fuel Adjustment Charges: The price of electricity generation varies through out the year and thus the variations are applied to tariffs in form of fuel adjustment charges. This should be proportional to the Energy Charges. So if your unit consumption is more, then your FAC is more. So builder would be getting this on their bills and would be passing on to you.

      4) Meter Rent: Different states have different standards for meter rent. Some include it in fixed charges, some charge it separately. But wherever it is charged separately, it gets applied all throughout the time when the connection is there (essentially life long).

      Now in typical setups which involve Hight Voltage connection being distributed to several low voltage connections, the electricity distribution company does not own the distribution to each connection. Their responsibility is just to provide a HV connection to a point. From there on, it is the responsibility of the builder to set up the infrastructure for distribution. They have to set up the transformer and lay the lines for distribution. I am not sure about the costs, but I guess the initial money that he took was to set up the infra. But I believe that the infra should include meter. But all depends on the kind of agreement you have with the builder.

      Logically speaking the builder should bear the cost of 60% vacant flats. But then builders are builders!

      The rate varies because of FAC (Fuel Charges). The base rate is decided every year while the FAC is calculated every month.

  • cps

    I am in Gurgaoin. In a residential multistoried complex the builder has obtained a load sanction of 2000KVA.. The load given in one apartment is 7.5 KVA. Occupancy in the complex is only 40% as more than 100 flats are not even ready for possessio and construction is going on. The DHBVN gives a bill to the Builder and he in turn issue seperate bill to the residents., Now the DHBVN bill to the builder includes FIXED CHARGES, energy charges, fuel charges,meter rent, MCD and HUDA charges. The builder is distributing these charges among the 40% occupants. Now my question are as under:

    1. As a resident, am I liable to pay all the above mentioned components?
    2. If yes, should these charges be applicable to us on prorate basis based on our apartment load of 7.5 KVA. OR the total charges based on 2000 sanctioned load be distributed among 40% occupants.
    3. The builder has charged electrical connection charges( Approx 2.5 lac per apartment), are we still supposed to pay for “Meter rent” because meter rent is applicable when the meter is not purchased by the builder and it belongs to DHBVN. (since we have paid for electricity connection charges, the builder is supposed to buy his own meter”

    4. in the bill issued by the builder to the residents, rate per unit consumed varies every month. Is it all right or our rate per unit should remain same and only the amount based on our consumption should increase.

    5. Is there a legal body where we can take up this issue.

    Please advise

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain


      I would suggest that you take this up with Grievance Redressal Cell at DHBVN or Electricity Ombudsman at Haryana Electricity Regulatory Commission. First step should be with Grievance Redressal Cell at DHBVN.

      This is the link to DHBVN Grievance Redressal Cell:

      Contacts of Ombudsman are given on this link: http://herc.gov.in/writereaddata/pdf/2013023.pdf

  • praveen mutthavarapu

    I want to know the address of resident using Electricity bill number in Telangana.If yes Please Let me know the Process.

  • Megha

    Hello Sir

    I am from Pune (Maharashtra).
    My bill is really not matching with my consumption. I am getting around 160 units bill. I have 4 tube lights , TV , 2 ceiling fans , Boiler (Capacity around 6 ltrs) which is switched on for around 15 minutes MAX.

    I did call electrician to check the earthing and he indicated it is fine. I asked electricians if they can detect leakage but electricians honestly do not know much about how to detect that.

    Can you please guide me on how to go about it ?
    also I see that meter indicates connection load as around 2.50 KW but my neighbors who have similar usage but get very less bill it indicates 0.40 KW. Does this indicates load of appliances which are switched On ?



  • Shubham Nimiwal

    Hello sir,
    i am trying to pay electricity bill online, but i dont know my K no., what should i do?

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain


      Which state/city are you trying to pay bill for?

  • Manu

    Dear Sir,

    I am living in a rented house in Gurgaon (Haryana) since last 6 months, In my last bill from DHBVN for 2 month only 73 units were consumed so my enegy charges are coming as only Rs 197 but the electricity dept has slapped a bill of Rs 1999 mentioning some additional charges as MMC of Rs 877 and Sundry chargesv of Rs 826. Please help me understand what are these charges. Are these charges legal and if not what should I do to get it removed from my bill. My avg monthly consumtion is around 350 units/per month.

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      HI Manu,

      MMC is Minimum Monthly Charges. In some states there is minimum monthly charge as per the connected load and connection type. So even if there is no consumption, MMC will be applied as they still have to provide connection to you. However I am not sure of Sundry Charges as to what they are.

    • Manu

      Thanks Abhishek for your prompt reply. However In previous two bills there were no MMC charges, is it because in previous bills my eclectricity consumption was high (appox 350 units/month) and already giving the electricity dept some minimum threesold amount which they might have set according to the load/connection type or MMC will be there every billing cycle irrespective of load consumption.

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Hi Manu,

      Your understanding is right. MMC comes in only when your consumption is low and there is a minimum bill commitment as per the connection type and size. If your consumption is higher than the minimum consumption, then you will not get MMC on your bill.

  • http://www.solarwaale.com/ Ankur Kumar

    Dear Sir,

    Could you please provide me a sample of billing procedure of Delhi Discom for residential category? I guess they are not following the slab wise bill computation as by Mumbai as shown in the bill above.
    For example, If my unit consumed during a month is 938 units. How do I verify if the computation is right or not? For your convenience, the tariff structure of Delhi Discoms for residential is as follows:
    0-200 – Rs. 4 per unit
    201-400 Rs. 5.95/unit
    401-800 Rs. 7.3/unit
    801-1200 Rs. 8.1/unit
    Above 1200 units Rs. 8.75/unit

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Hi Ankur,

      There are several components of an electricity bill. The first one is fixed charge. Fixed Charges depend on the type of connection that you have. A connection of 0-2 kW will get a fixed charge of Rs 25 a month. 2-5 kW will get Rs 100 a month and above 5 KW it is Rs 25 per kW/month. Then if you have consumed 938 units then first 200 units will be charged at Rs 4, the next 200 units will be charged at Rs 5.95, next 400 units will be charged at Rs 7.3 and last 138 units (938-800) would be charged at Rs 8.1 per unit. Along with this there will be other charges like electricity duty, tax and fuel surcharge.

    • http://www.solarwaale.com/ Ankur Kumar

      Thank you very much for the reply. Ideally the calculation must follow the same procedure as has been mentioned by you. However on the bill, first and second slab mentions 187 units consumed i.e 187 units charged at Rs. 4 for first slab and 187 units for Rs. 5.95. I forgot to mention that the billing period was of 29 days in that bill.

      So is it because that the month was of 31 days and so for the first slab it was computed as follows:

      (200/31)*29= 187

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Hi Ankur,

      Your understanding is right. The slabs are adjusted as per number of days.

  • Bendang

    Sir, I recently had a new LT domestic connection for a house under construction. The readings were 4 and 7 units for the first two months. We paid the bill owing to the use of induction planer and saw. However, due to some unforseen events we have stop constructing. Now, they have slap me with a bill of INR 415.05 for this month, which read as follow: present reading 11. Previous reading 11. Total unit 0. Energy charge 283.68. Fixed charge 30. Meter rent 20. Electricity duty 7.20. Installation charge 00.0. Fuel purchase(1.03 per unit) 74.16. Total amount 415.04. Arears surplus -3.23. Penalty 0.00 . payaple before due date 411.81. Surcharge 0.00 .payable after 420.15. Please help as I think that since zero units of energy was consumed there is something wrong with the “Energy charge” of 283.68.
    N.B: not a single load is connected not even a single cfl.
    Thank You.

    • https://www.bijlibachao.com Abhishek Jain

      Hi Bedang,

      Depends on your state and tariff plan that you have. Many states have Minimum Monthly Charges (or MMC) which means the minimum charges will be applied even when there is no consumption. In some states it is fixed amount, and in some it is fixed number of units.

  • Pankaj

    My house has an Single Phase, someone recommended since the number of appliances you have, it would be better if you could convert to a 3 Phase. Do I need to go ahead and inform the Electricity department that I intent to change or do I go ahead with it with the help of a local electrician, also the house doesn’t have proper earthing and hence the recommendation came. Its more than 20 years old and have currently added an AC, Washing Machine (Fully Automatic) – Front Load and intend to add more appliances to the house. I am from Hyderabad, Telangana.

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      For a single AC, going for a 3 phase connection is not necessary. Only if your total house load is more than 5-7 kW, that is when 3 phase is required. 1 AC would just be about 1800-1900 watts (if it is a 3 star 1.5 ton AC). However if you intend to add more appliances that results in total load to be more than 5-7 kW, then it will be better to go for 3 phase. And for that you will have to go to electricity department (electrician can only fix the wiring in your house, he cannot provide you 3 phase connection). Once you have 3 phase connection, then you will have to call your electrician to fix your wiring in such a way that your house is divided into 3 parts with equal load divided into all 3 phases. He should also fix your earthing as without that there will be danger of people getting electric shocks.

  • Anand Kumar

    I just moved to a rented home few months back in panchkula,haryana. Electricity bill for my place is same from past 10 months which shows only amount to cover MMC. I dont understand why the units consumed is ame and being charged the same amount.please let me know what to do.

    • Kshitiz Utreja

      Hi, Same is the case with me and they have put “amount to cover MMC” as 1063 INR and they have also counted metered reading as 200 units…. please suggest….

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      They are not taking meter reading and thus applying MMC for you. You must put a complaint for this as when they do take a meter reading, your electricity bill will be really high.

  • Ashish

    Hi, We were out of station ou electricity bill come around 50, but after cming and using the flat for 15 days electricity bill still came around 50 , what should i do??(I live in Maharashtra)

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Hi Ashish,

      The person may not have come to take the reading and would have applied minimum amount. You must ask MSEDCL to take your meter reading and also do make sure that the amount is calculated for two months and not for 1 month (with full units).

  • pranati

    i am from hyderabad,telangana.i was out of station and my flat was lying vacant. so there is no electric consumption. do i need to pay bill for non-consumption also? is there any minimum bill or something like that

  • ujval

    I am staying in a rented accomodation in Secunderabad(telangana) .I went on a vacation from may 8th to june 6th 2015.Approx a month.units consumed during this period are 118 .what should be the bill for same leaving customer charges or surcharge duty etc .wantvto know the bill according to just the units used

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Hi Ujval,

      As per tariff in Telangana your first 100 units will be charged at Rs 2.6 and the next 18 at Rs 3.6. So energy charge will be Rs 324. On top of it, depending on your connected load there will be Rs 50 (for single phase) or Rs 150 (for three phase). On top of it there will be taxes and duties.

  • Mageshwaran

    HI i am running a shop in telengana and i am getting huge bills above 7000 rs and i suspect that it is because of 3 phase and i want to know the proce to convert my meter from 3ph to single phase.

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Hi Mangeshwaran,

      3 phase and single phase has very little impact on electricity bills. Huge bills mostly happen when electricity consumption is high, which means your appliances are consuming a lot of electricity. You can contact customer support of your state electricity distribution company to get your connection converted. They can help you with the process.

    • mageshwaran

      Hi Team, my bill has shot upto 9000 now and i am seriously thinking about the conversion of 3 phase to single phase but i need to know if the board would permit me to do so as my contracted load 14.000kw but my connected load says 2.53HP now my question is HP greater than KW or vice-versa. i am so concerned because the same load and appliances are used in my brothers shop in a different area with in hyderabad,but his bills has never gone up over rs3500.i have spoke to the electricity guy about the same he is not keen in hearing as he dosent want to interrupt this huge bills.
      Now tell me the way to sort this problem out and the proper approach to solve the same….

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Hello Mr Mageshwaran,

      Firstly let me explain you a few things:

      1) 1 HP is 750 watts or 0.75 kW. So 2.53 HP would be 1.8975 kW. So your contracted load of 14 kW is quite high. So you can easily shift from 14 kW to 2 or 3 kW if your connected load is less. You can put an application with your electricity distribution company’s customer care center. If you give sufficient proof that your appliances are less (low wattage and less in number). They should be able to change your 3 phase connection to 2 phase.

      2) However Connected load just impacts the fixed charges on an electricity bill. They do not impact variable charges. Fixed charges in Telangana are Rs 50/kW. So even if you reduce your connection from 14 kW to 3 kW. You will save 11 x 50 = Rs 550 + taxes. Major charges are for Energy Charge which depends on wattage and usage of appliances. Somewhere your appliances are consuming more electricity (either they are energy inefficient or used more than your brother’s shop).

      You need to look at each appliance, their wattage and the number of hours they are used for.

    • mageshwaran

      HI Team,

      Please find my EBill and list of appliances that i use and please help me
      in rectifying this issue as it is getting very hectic on my pocket.

      List OF Appliances Used:-

      1)1 voltas display refigerator and 1
      dislpay icecream refigerator

      2)3 fans

      3)4 tube lights

      4) 4 low voltage dislpay lights

      5) Weighing machine (10kg capacity)

      6) Front lights

      7) Desktop (hardly used)

      I tried attaching my bills to the reply email but it bounced can you share a valid mail id so i send my bills for you analyze the issue

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Hello Mr Mageshwaran,

      Firstly one glaring thing that is coming out from your bill is that your energy consumption is 634 kWh but because you have a demand based billing and your power factor is bad (0.67), so you are billed for 634 (kWh) / 0.67 = 946 units. Power factor of 0.67 is quite bad and it can be as high as 0.99 which will bring down your units to 650. Which will bring down your electricity bills by Rs 2500-3000 or so.

      Now your consumption is 634 kWh per month which is roughly 20 units a day. Now if your refrigerator and freezer are fine, they should consume about 2-3 units a day. Let’s take 3 on a higher side. So 6 units for that. 3 fans, each of 75 watts used for 10 hours would be 3 x 75 x 10 / 1000 = 2.25 units per day. Assuming you have 50 Watts tubelights and are also used for 10 hours a day, then it would consume 4 x 50 x 10 /1000 = 2 units per day. Weighing machine should not consume a whole lot of electricity. All other stuff would consume about 1 unit max. So total should be 3 + 3 + 2.25 + 2 + 1 = 11.25 …. but your consumption is 21 per day … which is almost double. A few things that could be causing problems:

      1) If the refrigerator is getting hot then it much be consuming a lot. You may consider buying a new energy efficient refrigerator. You may switch to inverter technology refrigerator and that would reduce your electricity consumption at least by 60% (considering your refrigerator is fine). If the refrigerator is faulty, it can be more than 60% as well, because inverter tech BEE 4 star rated refrigerator consume as less as 0.6 units per day.
      2) Icecream freezer could also be consuming a lot of electricity.You may consider buying a new energy efficient freezer.
      3) You can certainly reduce electricity consumption of your ceiling fans by going for energy efficient BEE 5 star rated fans like Superfan, Havells ES 5 star, Orient High Speed, etc. With superfan you can reduce daily fan consumption by 60%
      4) You may also consider going for LED tubelights. With 18 W LED tubelights, you would reduce your electricity consumption by 60-70%.

      By the way if you do all of above, then your power factor will also improve considerably as inverter tech, superfans and LED tubes have power factor close to 1. To know more about power factor, you may read these pages on our website:



      If you have the most ideal setup (with most efficient appliances and high power factor) then your bills can be as low as 200-230 units (or roughly Rs 2000) (assuming 10 hours of usage of lights and fans). But if you are not ready to make investments in buying efficient products then here are few things that can immediately bring down your bills by 30-40%:

      1) Use a power saver capacitor bank to improve your power factor and get it close to 1. 0.67 is horribly bad.
      2) Decrease your contracted load to 2.5 kW (your connected load is 1.89 kW).

      These two should immediately decrease your bills without changing appliances. But from a long term perspective, it will be great if you get your appliances changed to efficient ones.

    • mageshwaran

      Hi Team,
      Thanks for the response.one more thing my electrician suggesting is that: Now currently all the appliances are running on one phase of the total 3 phase..now he is saying that dividing the load among all the three phases would reduce the bill..is that a correct suggestion bcoz he is asking me to get 720 wire and he will give this 2 fridge connection to those two idol phases.not sure is that right approach please suggest

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Hello Mr Magesh,

      If you have 3 phase connection, then the ideal scenario is to divide the load amongst all the three phases as imbalance can lead to problems. However it does not result in excess electricity consumption. It can only lead to failure of the line, but cannot result in high electricity consumption. I think you should switch over to a single phase connection and implement the suggestions that I had given. If you switch to single phase, you will not have to spend money on getting the extra wiring.

    • Bijli Bachao Team
  • sonam

    When i calculated my electricity bill online through bill calculator there FAc charges were shown nil whereas in the soft copy i am charged and amount is rs 529. So why did online bill calculator showed nil charges then?

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Hi Sonam,

      FAC is a variable charge that is determined by electricity distribution company every month. It can be different every month and we do not have information about it. So it is difficult to include that in the calculator.

  • Nadeem Shaikh

    I just want to know the connected load funda.. Now my bill shows connected load as 0.70 kW and I have a regular connections in my house i.e.fridge,geysers,1 pc, 4 tubelights, fan, tv
    My society is going for a upgrade of the meter cabin and they want a 3 phase connection. In total there are 30 meters and only 1 person is changing to 3 phase meter but connection will be available to all. An average house here consumes 10 units a day. Also in future I want to install around 1 AC in my house of around 1 ton
    So how much connected load should I have as I think Now it’s too much less. And what impact connected load will have on my bills and what is the procedure to increase it? Please do help as I’m a bit confused now regarding this issues.
    Nadeem Shaikh

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Hi Nadeem,

      Connected load should ideally be sum of total watts of all the appliances switched on at any given time. It can be sum of wattages of all the appliances you have if you switch them on all the time. But typically it is approximated to 70% of total wattage at least. Now if we look at your appliances:

      Fridge would be about 350-400 Watts (peak)
      Geysers will each be 2000 Watts or 3000 Watts depending on the type you have.
      1 PC will be about 120 Watts.
      Each tubelight would be 45-50 Watts, so 4 will be 200 Watts.
      A TV would again depend on Type but if I assume LED TV then it would be less than 100 Watts.
      1 Ton AC would be about 1000-1200 Watts.

      0.7 kW is super low connected load for your house. In Delhi and UP the utilities are applying penalties for exceeding the connected load and looking at the situation of electric grids across the country it seem soon many states will follow them. To calculate the load, you must sum up all the wattages (divide by 1000 to convert it into kW) and take about 70-80% of that as connected load (assuming max 70-80% appliances will be on at any given time) . In fact the procedure for increasing the same should be simple: you just need to go to customer service desk of your electricity distribution company, give a list of all your appliances and they accordingly estimate the total load that should be sanctioned (there will be simple application for the same).

      You would need 3 phase if your total load exceed 5-7 kW (depending on your state). Some states give 3 phase at more than 5 KW, some give it at more than 7 kW.

  • Raghunath Kulkarni

    Whar are NET OTHER CHARGES reflected in Reliance energy bill?

    • Bijli Bachao Team

      Net Other Charges includes interest on security deposit, prompt payment discount, delayed payment charges, incentive on payment mode, interest on arrears, and other adjustments.




    CT’S- 75/5
    LOAD CONNECTED- 15 HP, 1440, 3 PHASE, 415 V, 50 HZ MOTORS.

  • naved alam

    how to check online status pending bill
    plz help me

  • shamsadali b. saiyad

    how to check online status of GUJARAT ‘ kosamba in d.g.v.c.l electric bill,pls help me


  • manoj kumar thakur

    how to check online status of bihar electric bill,pls help me

  • Safia khanam

    Hi Sir,
    how to check online status of Hyderabad electric city bill pls help me

  • sanchita

    Sir,Is online electricity payment available for Ghola Sodepur Kolkata?

  • ritesh mishra

    how to check online status of bihar electric bill pls help me

    • bibha sharma

      how to check online status of bihar electric bill,please help me.

    • subodha parida

      first u go to internet type http://www.cesc.co.in then go to your state wise that is click (Kolkata electricity bill status) after that click payment electricity bill then put your consumer no, mobile no, Mail Id, then type under the given code then submit,

  • mahesh


    i am mahesh, Is there any possibility to find the connected load of a house based on the electricity bill units..?

    • Abhishek Jain

      Hi Mahesh,

      Electricity bill units is the actual energy consumption. Where was connected load is the maximum instantaneous power that can be withdrawn. To give you a analogy: connected load is similar to maximum speed at which a car can run (the car may or may not run at that speed), whereas units is similar to actual distance covered (in a certain time). Hope this helps.


  • Vineet B

    Hi Abhishek, referring to the west bengal power distribution company’s bills, the fixed charges you refer above is part of the meter rentals. The fixed charges for residential consumers are Rs 5/KVA/mon which is basically the demand charges and the distribution infrastructure cost to deliver the electricity to the consumer for his peak demand. I’ve a small project running to monitor the electricity consumption/usage in real-time on the cloud. For the same I’m seeking to understand how WBSEDCL calculates the fixed demand charges, i.e. how does it come to the KVA figure for the month, any insight from your side would be appreciable.

    As per my understanding, there are two ways to calculate the KVA, some meters calculate it every 15 or 30 mins to see your peak demand and sets it for the month. Other method is using the KwH from the bill.

    KW = KHW/h

    KVA = KW/PF

    for example you have 300 units for the month on your bill this the KW will be 300/(30*24) = .417

    thus KVA = .417/ .85 (power factor as assumed by WBSEDCL in the absence of a measure) = .4905

    Thus as per the bill its Rs 5 per .4905, how does it calculate the total KVA load for the billing cycle to come to a month cost is what I seek.

    • Abhishek Jain

      Hi Vineet,

      You can check West Bengal’s Tariff order to get more details. It is available at http://www.wberc.org/wberc/tariff/wbsedcl/Tariff/ordnpet2001/index.htm. In general, power factor at most residential houses should be close to 1 as there is not a huge inductive load in any house. In most states the fixed charges are calculated per KW of connected load and there are no demand charges for residential connections. Also for commercial connections, the demand charges are based on the peak demand and it does not have any relation with the units or KWH consumed per month. So I do not think you can calculate it using the monthly units consumed. Connected load or peak demand is mentioned on the electricity bills and that is the best source for you to get that value. Hope this helps.


  • punam kothari

    hey i hv to pay online bill dn wt to do . n hw to pay